Types of Irrigation MCQs : This section focuses on the "Types of Irrigation" in Irrigation Engineering. These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Irrigation Engineering skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.
How many types of surface irrigation?
Explanation: There are three types of surface irrigation: Basin irrigation, Furrow irrigation and Border strip irrigation.
In which irrigation, water is scattered throughout the land under low pressure?
A. Drip Irrigation
B. Localized Irrigation
C. Sprinkler Irrigation
D. Center Pivot Irrigation
Explanation: Localized Irrigation : Water is scattered throughout the land under low pressure. A piped network, that passes throughout the soil, is used for water distribution so that all the plant gets water effectively.
In this process of drip irrigation, the water drops fall on the root of every plant that is around the system.
C. Can be true or false
D. Can not say
Explanation: True, In this process of drip irrigation, the water drops fall on the root of every plant that is around the system.
What is true about Sprinkler Irrigation?
A. Water is scattered throughout the land by a machine of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers in 360 degrees pattern
B. Water is scattered throughout the land under low pressure.
C. Water is scattered throughout the land evenly through a series of pipes
D. Water is scattered throughout the land by high-pressure sprinklers or guns from the equator of the land
Explanation: Sprinkler Irrigation : Water is scattered throughout the land by high-pressure sprinklers or guns from the equator of the land or from a moving platform that would be sprinkled as it moves.
In Manual Irrigation, Water is scattered across evenly around the field with the help of manual power such as _____________.
B. watering cans
C. labors and watering cans.
D. None of the above
Explanation: Manual Irrigation : Water is scattered across evenly around the field with the help of manual power such as labors and watering cans. This system is very labor concentrated.
In which of the following types of irrigation water is supplied to the crops throughout their crop period?
A. Perennial Irrigation
B. Flood Irrigation
C. Direct Irrigation
D. Storage Irrigation
Explanation: In perennial irrigation, system water is supplied at a constant and continuous rate from perennial water sources, which get their supplies from melting snow, in accordance with the requirements of crop. Water is supplied by canal distribution system using a weir or reservoir.
What is the other name for Flood Irrigation?
A. Flow Irrigation
B. Lift Irrigation
C. Surface Irrigation
D. Uncontrolled irrigation
Explanation: Normally this of irrigation is practiced in alluvial and deltaic regions where river water level is available in hot seasons, with this the soil is kept submerged and thoroughly flooded with water to thorough saturation of land. The water can be supplied to the land by flow, or partly by flow and partly by lift.
Which of the following type of irrigation system is practised on small scale in India?
A. Natural sub-irrigation
B. Artificial sub-irrigation
C. Flood Irrigation
D. Lift Irrigation
Explanation: It is a system in which open joint drains is artificially laid below the soil, to supply water to the soil by capillarity. So, therefore it is very costly and can only be practiced in special cases, like favorable soil conditions and for cash crops of good return.
What is the other name of perennial irrigation system?
A. Direct Irrigation
B. Storage Irrigation
C. Controlled Irrigation
D. Flood Irrigation
Explanation: As perennial irrigation system works on perennial water sources, the flow of water in those sources can be controlled by the construction of canals, weirs, check dams, dams etc. So in this way there is no sudden rush of water during irrigation unlike in uncontrolled irrigation.
In Center Pivot Irrigation, Water is scattered throughout the land by a machine of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers in 360 degrees pattern.
C. Can be yes or no
D. Can not say
Explanation: Yes, Center Pivot Irrigation, Water is scattered throughout the land by a machine of sprinklers that move on wheeled towers in 360 degrees pattern.