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Airport Engineering MCQ Questions & Answers

Airport Engineering MCQs : This section focuses on the "Airport Engineering". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Airport Engineering skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

The best direction of a runway is along the direction of

A. longest line on wind rose diagram
B. shortest line on the wind rose diagram
C. line clear of wind rose diagram
D. none of these.

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Question 2

The FAA classification of the airport is based on:

A. Function
B. Geometric design
C. Airport approach speed
D. Length of Runway

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Question 3

According to I.C.A.O. the slope of transitional surface at right angles to the centre line of runway, is kept

A. 1 in 4
B. 1 in 5
C. 1 in 6
D. 1 in 7

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Question 4

The coordinates of the ends of a runway are (5000, 5000) and (8000, 7000). The co-ordinates of an other runway are (4600, 5100) and (7000, 5300). The co-ordinates of the A.R.P. are

A. (6500, 6000)
B. (5800, 5200)
C. (61500, 5600)
D. (8000, 7000)

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Question 5

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The distance between the points of intersection of the extreme tangents to the transition curve is kept greater than 7500 m x sum of grade changes at the point of intersection
B. The rate of change of grade is limited to 0.3% per 30 m length of the curve
C. According to I.C.A.O. the maximum longitudinal gradient along a runway is limited to 1.5%
D. All the above.

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Question 6

Runways are oriented in a direction against the prevailing wind.

A. True
B. False

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Question 7

The thickness design of the pavement, is decided on the load carried by

A. main gears
B. nose wheel
C. tail wheel
D. all the above.

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Question 8

ICAO classification system considers how many things?

A. 2
B. 4
C. 5
D. 6

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Question 9

Which of the following is not a characteristic of centralized system of the terminal Area?

A. Passengers, cargo routed centrally
B. Passenger facilities in small units
C. Walking distance to aircraft < 200m
D. Common facilities for different gate positions

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Question 10

For the taxiways, the following statement is true

A. The maximum longitudinal grade is 3%
B. The permissible rate of change of grade is 1%
C. The permissible transverse grade is 1.5%
D. All the above.

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Question 11

The reduced level of the proposed site of an air port is 2500 m above M.S.L. If the recommended length by I.C.A.O. for the runway at sea level is 2500 m, the required length of the runway is

A. 2500 m
B. 3725 m
C. 3000 m
D. 3250 m

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Question 12

From the end of an instrumental runway, the approach surface rises outwards

A. 1 in 20
B. 1 in 30
C. 1 in 40
D. 1 in 50

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Question 13

Conical surface of the approach area rises outwards

A. 1 in 10
B. 1 in 15
C. 1 in 20
D. 1 in 25

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Question 14

For the proposed runway stated in if the aerodrome reference temperature is 17°.2, the net designed length of the runway is

A. 2716 m
B. 2816 m
C. 2916 m
D. 3016 m

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Question 15

The application of __________ diagram is used to find the orientation of the runway to get the desired wind coverage.

A. Wind Butterfly
B. Wind Cycle
C. Wind Star
D. Wind Rose

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Question 16

Which of the below does not affect the site-selection of an airport site?

A. Adequate access
B. Air traffic potential
C. Sufficient airspace
D. Number of ground staff

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Question 17

International Civil Aviation Organisation (I.C.A.O.) was set up at Montreal (Canada), in

A. 1929
B. 1939
C. 1947
D. 1950

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Question 18

The fuse large includes

A. passengers chamber
B. pilot's cabin
C. tail of aircraft
D. all the above.

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Question 19

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The basic length of a runway is increased at a rate of 7% per 300 m of elevation of M.S.L.
B. The standard temperature at the site is obtained by reducing the standard sea level temperature of 15°C at the rate of 6.5°C per 1000 m rise in elevation
C. The aerodrome reference temperature is the monthly mean of the mean daily temperature for the hottest month of the year
D. All the above.

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Question 20

According to I.C.A.O. all markings on the runways are painted white and on taxiways

A. black
B. red
C. yellow
D. green

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Question 21

For Class A Air port the difference of reduced levels of higher and lower edges of the conical surface, is

A. 25 m
B. 50 m
C. 75 m
D. 100 m

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Question 22

According to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (I.C.A.O.), the runway lengths of aerodromes, have been coded by

A. Seven English alphabets
B. Last Seven English alphabets
C. First Seven English alphabets
D. First seven natural numbers.

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Question 23

The runway orientation is made so that landing and take off are

A. against the wind direction
B. along the wind direction
C. perpendicular to wind direction
D. none of these.

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Question 24

The wind intensity during a calm period in runways should be:

A. Below 4.6km/hr
B. Above 5km/hr
C. Between 5-10 km/hr
D. Below 6.4km/hr

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Question 25

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. Channelization of pavement is caused by constant use of tri-cycle gears of aircraft
B. Blast pads are used over cohesionless soils to resist erosion due to tremendous speed of the jet blast
C. Over-run areas of at least 300 m length on either side of the runway are provided
D. None of these.

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Question 26

According to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (I.C.A.O.) the strength of runway pavements, have been coded by

A. Seven English alphabets
B. Last Seven English alphabets
C. First Seven English alphabets
D. First seven numbers

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Question 27

The maximum length and pavement strength of the runway is that of

A. A 1
B. B 2
C. B 3
D. G 7

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Question 28

The landing and take off of the air craft is made against the direction of wind. In no case the centre line of the runway should make an angle with the wind direction exceeding

A. 10°
B. 20°
C. 30°
D. 40°

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Question 29

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. In single engine aeroplanes, the engine is provided in the nose of the aircraft
B. In double engine aeroplanes, one engine on either wing is placed symmetrically
C. In three engine aeroplanes, two engines are placed on both wings and one engine is placed in the tail
D. None of these.

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Question 30

Airport elevation is the reduced level above M.S.L. of

A. control tower
B. highest point of the landing area
C. lowest point of the landing area
D. none of these.

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Question 31

If the width of the approach area near the runway end is 150 m, the width of the approach area at a distance of 3 kilometres from runway end will be

A. 1500 m
B. 1200 m
C. 1000 m
D. 800 m

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Question 32

Airports can be classified on how many basis?

A. 5
B. 4
C. 3
D. 2

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Question 33

According to I.C.A.O. the recommended length of air ports is decided on

A. sea level elevation
B. standard sea level temperature (15°C)
C. effective gradient percentage
D. all the above.

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Question 34

Beaufort scale is used to determine

A. strength of winds
B. direction of winds
C. height of air-crafts
D. none of these.

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Question 35

An aircraft is flying in an atmosphere of 30°C with a speed of 1260 km ph. Its speed is known as

A. subsonic
B. sonic
C. super-sonic
D. Mach.

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Question 36

The strength of winds is measured with the help of

A. Benfort scale
B. Wind indicator
C. Barometres
D. None of these.

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Question 37

The distance between main gears is 10 m, and the distance of nose gear from centre of main gears is 30 m. If the angle of turning is 60°, the distance of centre of rotation from the nearer main gear, is

A. 12.30 m
B. 11.30 m
C. 10.30 m
D. 9.30 m

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Question 38

Elevation of airport site above MSL is a factor that controls airport size.

A. True
B. False

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Question 39

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Approximate geometric centre of the landing area, is called air port reference point
B. The boundaries of horizontal surface and conical surface are marked with reference to air port reference point
C. The location of the air port on a map is the position of air port reference point
D. All the above.

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Question 40

A gradient of + 0.08% is followed by a gradient of - 0.07%. If the permissible rate of change of grade is 0.003 per 30 metres, the length of the transition curve, is

A. 150 m
B. 140 m
C. 160 m
D. 175 m

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Question 41

The lift off distance is the distance along the centre of the runway between the starting point and

A. end of the runway
B. end of stopway
C. point where air craft becomes air borne
D. point where air craft attains a height of 10.7 m

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Question 42

How many types of Fly Rules are there?

A. 2
B. 5
C. 4
D. 3

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Question 43

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. L.O.M. is installed at 7.2 km from the threshold
B. L.M.M. is installed at 1.0 km from the threshold
C. Localizer antenna is installed at 300 m from the other end of the runway
D. Glide slope antenna is installed at the centre of the runway about 150 m on one side

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Question 44

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The speed of the aircraft relative to the ground, is called cruising speed
B. The speed of the aircraft relative to wind, is called air speed
C. When wind is blowing the direction of the flight, air speed is less than cruising speed
D. All the above.

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Question 45

The bearing of the runway at threshold is 290°, the runway number is

A. N 70° W
B. 290°
C. 29°
D. W 20° N

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Question 46

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Landing speed is directly proportional to the wing loading
B. Wing loading remaining constant, the take off distance is directly proportional to the powder loading
C. Neither (a) nor (b)
D. Both (a) and (b)

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