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Building Construction MCQ Questions & Answers

Building Construction MCQs : This section focuses on the "Building Construction". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Building Construction skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

For providing a raft foundation, the following activities are involved ramming the foundation bedexcavation of the soil upto required depthlaying the reinforcement over the foundation bedcuring the cement concrete placed over reinforcementpouring the cement concrete over the reinforcement. The correct sequence is

A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
B. 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
C. 2, 1, 3, 5, 4
D. 3, 2, 5, 1, 4.

View Answer

Question 2

The vertical member running through middle of a shutter frame, is

A. Style
B. Reveal
C. Mullion
D. Post

View Answer

Question 3

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The pile driven in sand is called sand pile
B. The drilled hole filled with sand is called sand pile
C. The sand piles are used for bearing purposes
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 4

The inclined support at the ends of treads and rises of a stair, is known as

A. Baluster
B. Header
C. String
D. Beam

View Answer

Question 5

The maximum number of steps in a flight should generally be restricted to

A. 10
B. 12
C. 15
D. No limit

View Answer

Question 6

Pick up the commonly adopted geophysical method in civil engineering from the following:

A. The seismic method
B. Electrical resistivity method
C. Gravitational method
D. Both (A) and (B) of the above

View Answer

Question 7

In jack arch floor, the rise is kept

A. 1/6th of the span
B. 1/8th of the span
C. 1/10th of the span
D. 1/12th of the span

View Answer

Question 8

The minimum strength of the mortar used in load bearing brick masonry, is

A. 50 N/cm2
B. 100 N/cm2
C. 150 N/cm2
D. 200 N/cm2

View Answer

Question 9

Which one of the following rocks is used for monumental buildings :

A. granite
B. marble
C. sand stone
D. slate.

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Question 10

The minimum distance between the centers of bulb of diameter du, of a multi under reamed piles, is

A. 1.35 du
B. 1.25 du
C. 1.5 du
D. 1.75 du

View Answer

Question 11

The maximum permissible deflection of a timber beam supporting a roof, is

A. L/100
B. L/150
C. L/260
D. L/360

View Answer

Question 12

The triangular portion between any two adjacent arches and the tangent to their crowns, is

A. Haunch
B. Spandril
C. Soffit
D. Rise

View Answer

Question 13

The type of joint commonly used at the junction of a principal rafter and tie beam in timber trusses is

A. Mortise and tenon joint
B. Oblique mortise and tenon joint
C. Butt joint
D. Mitred joint

View Answer

Question 14

In case of foundations on black cotton soils, the most suitable method to increase the bearing capacity of soils is to

A. Increase the depth of foundation
B. Drain the soil
C. Compact the soil
D. Replace the poor soil

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Question 15

The process of making the back ground rough, before plastering, is

A. Dubbing
B. Hacking
C. Blistering
D. Peeling

View Answer

Question 16

The Auger boring method is not suitable for

A. Very hard soil
B. Cemented soil
C. Vary soft soil
D. All the above

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Question 17

The depth of the ground water table may be ascertained by

A. Looking through the well in the vicinity
B. Standing on the well in the vicinity
C. Measuring the depth of water in the well
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 18

Which one of the following factors is considered for the orientation of buildings :

A. the direction of the prevailing winds in the area
B. the exposure of the walls and roof of the buildings to the rays of sun
C. the extent up to which the sunrays penetrate with the verandah.
D. all the above.

View Answer

Question 19

The window which projects outside a room of a building for admitting more light and air, is known

A. Bay window
B. Casement window
C. Lantern window
D. Dormer window

View Answer

Question 20

As compared to stretcher course, the thickness of joints in header course should be

A. Less
B. More
C. Equal
D. Equal or more

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Question 21

The type of bond in a brick masonry containing alternate courses of stretchers and headers, is called

A. Flemish bond
B. English bond
C. Stretcher bond
D. Header bond

View Answer

Question 22

The voussoir placed at crown of an arch, is known as a

A. Key
B. Soffit
C. Springer
D. Haunch

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Question 23

The process of making the back ground rough, before plastering, is

A. dubbing
B. hacking
C. blistering
D. peeling.

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Question 24

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following :

A. Cement is added to lime mortar to increase its hydraulic properties only
B. Lime surkhi mortar is used for pointing the walls
C. Lime should be slaked before preparing lime mortar
D. High early strength concrete is generally used in cold weather.

View Answer

Question 25

The window which is provided on a sloping roof of a building, is called

A. Lantern window
B. Dormer window
C. Louvered window
D. Rash window

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Question 26

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. A combined footing is so proportioned that centre of gravity of supporting area coincides with centre of gravity of two column loads
B. A combined footing may be either rectangular or trapezoidal in shape
C. Trapezoidal shaped footings may be provided under any loading
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 27

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. English bond is used for brick masonry to support heavy loads
B. Double-Flemish bond is suitable for brick masonry to give uniform face appearance
C. The stretcher bond is used for the construction of half brick masonry brick
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 28

In the construction of arches, sand box method is used for

A. Centring
B. Actual laying of arch work
C. Striking of centring
D. None of the above

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Question 29

Pick up the correct statement about silt soil from the following:

A. The silt soil has particle size from 0.02 mm to 0.06 mm
B. In organic fine grained silt soil possesses no plasticity
C. The least plastic type normally consists of more or less equidimensional grains of quartz
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 30

Number of vertical joints in a stretcher course is x times the number of joints in the header course, where x is equal to

A. 1-2
B. 1
C. 2
D. 1-4

View Answer

Question 31

In a colar beam roof

A. There is no horizontal tie beam
B. There is a horizontal tie at the feet of rafters only
C. There is a horizontal tie at almost the middle of rafters only
D. There are two horizontal ties, one at the feet and other at the middle of the rafters

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Question 32

In high mountainous region, the type of roof generally recommended for buildings, is

A. Shed type
B. Gable type
C. Gambrel type
D. Mansard type

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Question 33

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Isolated footing is provided under column to transfer the load safely to soil bed
B. Column footings may have steps or projections in the concrete base
C. Heavily loaded column base must be provided steel reinforcement in both directions
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 34

The 9 cm x 9 cm side of a brick as seen in the wall face, is generally known as

A. stretcher
B. face
C. front
D. header

View Answer

Question 35

The type of roof suitable in plains where rainfall is meagre and temperature is high is

A. Pitched and sloping roof
B. Flat roof
C. Shell roof
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 36

Nogging of a common wooden partition is

A. Upper horizontal wooden member
B. Lower horizontal wooden member
C. Intermediate horizontal wooden member
D. Vertical wooden member

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Question 37

The term string is used for

A. The underside of a stair
B. Outer projecting edge of a tread
C. A sloping member which supports the steps in a stair
D. A vertical member between two treads

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Question 38

A projecting piece usually provided to support a truss, is

A. cornice
B. coping
C. frieze
D. lintal.

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Question 39

The maximum total settlement for isolated foundations on clayey soils should be limited to

A. 25 mm
B. 40 mm
C. 65 mm
D. 100 mm

View Answer

Question 40

For plastering the exposed brick walls, the cement sand mortar should be

A. 1 : 2
B. 1 : 3
C. 1 : 4
D. 1 : 6

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Question 41

If the span of crossing is greater than 12 feet (3.7 m), the structure is termed as bridge and otherwise is ______________

A. drainage
B. bridges
C. culvert
D. tunnels

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Question 42

The type of pointing in which a V-shaped projection outside the wall surface, is provided, is called

A. Recessed pointing
B. Weather pointing
C. V-pointing
D. Tuck pointing

View Answer

Question 43

The Auger borings are not common

A. In soils that require lateral support
B. In cohesive soils
C. In soft soils
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 44

The steel pile which is generally sunk in soft clay or loose sand of low bearing capacity, is

A. H-pile
B. Pipe pile
C. Screw pile
D. Disc pile

View Answer

Question 45

The loose pockets in soil mass can be bridged safely by providing a raft foundation provided the soft area is smaller than

A. the column spacing
B. one-third the column spacing
C. half the column spacing
D. three-fourth the column spacing

View Answer

Question 46

The form Work including the props can be removed from beams, only after

A. 3 days
B. 7 days
C. 14 days
D. 21 days

View Answer

Question 47

The size of a floor tile commonly used, is

A. 15 cm × 15 cm × 1.8 cm
B. 20 cm × 20 cm × 2 cm
C. 22.5 × 22.5 cm × 2.2 cm
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 48

A solid core of rock is formed inside the cylinder in the case of

A. Auger boring
B. Percussion drilling
C. Diamond drilling
D. Wash boring

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Question 49

The type of flooring suitable for use in churches, theatres, public libraries and other places where noiseless floor covering is desired is

A. Cork flooring
B. Glass flooring
C. Wooden flooring
D. Linoleum flooring

View Answer

Question 50

Stability of an existing structure may be disturbed by

A. Rising of water table
B. Vibrations caused by traffic movements
C. Mining in the neighborhood
D. All the above

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Question 51

The rock formed from the solidification of molten matter (magma) is called:

A. Sedimentary rock
B. Metamorphic rock
C. Igneous rock
D. None of the above

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Question 52

A temporary rigid structure having platforms to enable masons to work at different stages of a building, is known as

A. Scaffolding
B. Dead shore
C. Raking shore
D. Under pinning

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Question 53

The brick laid with its breadth parallel to the face of a wall, is known as

A. header
B. stretcher
C. closer
D. none of these.

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Question 54

The type of footing which is used to transmit heavy loads through steel columns is

A. Raft foundation
B. Grillage foundation
C. Well foundation
D. Isolated footing

View Answer

Question 55

Herringbone bond is used for

A. Walls having thickness more than 4 bricks
B. Architectural finish to the face work
C. Ornamental panels in brick flooring
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 56

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Inclined borings are made for taking samples under existing structures
B. Inclined borings are occasionally used instead of vertical holes
C. The spacing of inclined borings is kept such that one bore hole is vertically above the bottom of an adjacent bore hole
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 57

The depth of excavation of foundations, is generally measured with a

A. Ranging rod
B. Steel tape
C. Levelling staff
D. Boning rod

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Question 58

Which of the following metal sheets is most effective in preventing dampness?

A. Copper sheets
B. Lead sheets
C. Aluminium sheets
D. All the above

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Question 59

Black cotton soil is unsuitable for foundations because its

A. bearing capacity is low
B. permeability is uncertain
C. particles are cohesive
D. property to undergo a volumetric change due to variation of moisture content.

View Answer

Question 60

A projecting piece usually provided to support a truss, is

A. Cornice
B. Coping
C. Frieze
D. Lintel

View Answer

Question 61

The pile which supports the load partly by friction and partly by resting on hard stratum, is called

A. Friction pile
B. Bearing pile
C. Friction bearing pile
D. Rough pile

View Answer

Question 62

The minimum width of a stair in residential buildings, is

A. 55 cm
B. 70 cm
C. 85 cm
D. 100 cm

View Answer

Question 63

Skilled occupations include carpenters, electricians, plumbers, ironworkers, masons, and many other manual crafts, as well as those involved in project management.

A. True
B. False

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Question 64

The sound which continues even after its source is cut off, is called

A. Reverberation
B. Echo
C. Intensity of sound
D. Interference

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Question 65

Stud(s) of a common wooden partition

A. Are vertical wooden members
B. Is the upper horizontal wooden member
C. Is the lower horizontal wooden member
D. Are the intermediate horizontal wooden members

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Question 66

In soils possessing low bearing capacity, the type of foundation generally provided, is

A. Column footing
B. Grillage footing
C. Raft footing
D. All the above

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Question 67

The sill of a common wooden partition is

A. Vertical wooden member on either end
B. Lower horizontal wooden member
C. Upper horizontal wooden member
D. Intermediate horizontal wooden member

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Question 68

The type of ashlar masonry in which stones are finely chisel dressed and thickness of joints does not exceed 3 mm, is

A. Chamfered ashlar masonry
B. Ashlar facing masonry
C. Random coursed ashlar masonry
D. Coursed ashlar masonry

View Answer

Question 69

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Sand consists of coarse particles of silica formed due to the disintegration of rocks
B. The grains of sand are not affected by frost
C. Sand beds are permeable and do not allow water to rise up between pores due to capillary action
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 70

The members which support covering material of a sloping roof, are

A. Rafters
B. Purlins
C. Battens
D. Struts

View Answer

Question 71

For brick construction, the lime-sand mortar, is

A. 1 : 1
B. 1 : 2
C. 1 : 3
D. 1 : 4

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Question 72

The construction joints in buildings are provided after

A. 10 m
B. 15 m
C. 20 m
D. 40 m

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Question 73

In grillage foundations, distance between flanges of grillage beams, is kept

A. 40 cm
B. Equal to flange width
C. Twice the flange width
D. Maximum of (A), (B) and (C)

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Question 74

If a is the offset of concrete bed in cms, and d is the depth of concrete bed in cms, then

A. d = 0.445 a
B. d = 0.557 a
C. d = 0.775 a
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 75

The under surface of an arch, is called

A. soffit
B. intrados
C. haunch
D. back.

View Answer

Question 76

The strength of brick masonry in 1:6 cement mortar, is

A. 20 tonnes/m2
B. 40 tonnes/m2
C. 50 tonnes/m2
D. 60 tonnes/m2

View Answer

Question 77

The disease of dry rot in timber is caused by

A. Lack of ventilation
B. Alternate wet and dry conditions
C. Complete submergence in water
D. None of the above

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Question 78

Negative skin friction

A. Is a downward drag acting on a pile due to downward movement of the surrounding compressible soil relative to the pile
B. Develops due to lowering of ground water
C. Both (A) and (B)
D. Neither (A) not (B)

View Answer

Question 79

Rotary drilling

A. Is not suitable for deposits containing very coarse gravel
B. Hinders the ground water observations and permeability test
C. Is not economical for holes of less than 10 cm
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 80

The opening provided in sloping roof with its top parallel to the roof surface, is called

A. Dormer window
B. Sky light window
C. Lantern window
D. Louvered window

View Answer

Question 81

The concrete slump recommended for columns, is

A. 25 to 50 mm
B. 25 to 75 mm
C. 75 to 125 mm
D. 50 to 100 mm

View Answer

Question 82

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The roof slabs of multi-storeyed buildings are constructed monolithically to carry the various floor loads
B. The beams of multi-storeyed buildings rest on girders and are the main load transferring members to the columns
C. The slab is spanned across the secondary beams provided between the main beams
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 83

The exterior angle between outer faces of a wall, is known as

A. turn
B. junction
C. quion
D. all the above.

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Question 84

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. In a king post truss, principal rafter and tie beams are jointed together with a bridle joint
B. Joint between the principal rafter and the king post is made by making tenon and mortise respectively
C. Joint between strut and king post, is generally of mortise and tenon type
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 85

The vertical faces of a door opening which support frame of the door, are

A. Jambs
B. Posts
C. Reveals
D. Styles

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Question 86

In case of Raymond pile

A. Lengths vary from 6 m to 12 m
B. Diameter of top of piles varies from 40 cm to 60 cm
C. Diameter of pile at bottom varies from 20 cm to 28 cm
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 87

The floor is rubbed with oxalic acid, for making its surface

A. Free from voids
B. Glossy
C. Durable
D. Uniform

View Answer

Question 88

To support a heavy structure in sandy soil, the type of foundation generally used, is

A. Combined footing
B. Raft footing
C. Pier footing
D. Strap footing

View Answer

Question 89

The pile provided with one or more bulles in its vertical shaft, is generally known as

A. Under-ream pile
B. Friction pile
C. Bearing pile
D. Sheet pile

View Answer

Question 90

In the method of tube boring of soil investigation, the following is essential:

A. A tube of about 2 meters length and 20 cm diameter with a cutting edge
B. A flap valve at the bottom of tube is provided to extract the soil sample
C. The tube is raised and lowered by 4 thick rope moving over a pulley suspended on a tripod stand
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 91

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The bearing capacity of a pile is defined as the load which can be sustained by the pile without producing excessive settlement
B. The safe bearing capacity of a pile is obtained by dividing the ultimate bearing capacity with a suitable factor of safety
C. The factor of safety for piles is taken as 6
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 92

Sum of tread and rise must lie between

A. 300 to 350 mm
B. 400 to 450 mm
C. 500 to 550 mm
D. 600 to 650 mm

View Answer

Question 93

Auger boring

A. Is the most primitive method for making a hole in the ground
B. Is generally employed in cohesive and other self soils above water table
C. Is most economical up-to a depth of 5 meters
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 94

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. The retaining wall should be structurally capable to resist the applied earth pressure
B. The section of the retaining wall should be so proportioned that it may not overturn by the lateral pressure
C. The retaining wall should be safe against sliding
D. To drain off water from the earth retained, weep holes are provided near the top of the retaining wall

View Answer

Question 95

The alignment of a cross joint along the plumb line is

A. Bed block
B. Perpend
C. Lintel
D. Vertical line

View Answer

Question 96

An arch may fail due to

A. Uneven settlement of abutments
B. Sliding of voussoirs
C. Crushing of the material
D. All the above

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Question 97

Weep holes are provided in retaining and breast walls

A. To drain off the water from the filling
B. To ventilate the stone masonry
C. To add architectural beauty
D. To increase compaction of the earth retained

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Question 98

For constructing a terrazo floor. Pick up the incorrect statement from the following :

A. a base course is prepared as in cement concrete flooring
B. a 32 mm thick layer of cement concrete (1 : 2 : 4) is laid on the base course and the surface is made smooth by trowelling
C. glass strips are driven into the layer according to the pattern required
D. after final grinding is over, oxalic acid mixed with water is spread over and rubbed hard with soft material

View Answer

Question 99

In case of multi-storeyed buildings, the forms to be removed first are

A. sides of beams and girders
B. column forms
C. bottom of beams and girders
D. all the above at the same time.

View Answer

Question 100

The compaction of concrete in the drilled pile hole is done by compressed air in the case of

A. Simplex pile
B. Franki pile
C. Pressure pile
D. Vibro pile

View Answer

Question 101

You are asked to design and supervise a truss for a factory to have spans 6 m to 9 m. The type of the truss you will use, is

A. Mansard truss
B. Queen post truss
C. King post truss
D. Collar truss

View Answer

Question 102

Pick up the consideration to the taken while designing a hospital from the following:

A. The operation theater unit to be detached as it requires sterilized zone but near the ward for the patients and doctor
B. The mortuary should be detached from the main circulation with a post-mortem room
C. Casualty unit should be provided a separate entrance
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 103

Best type of piles for soft soil having little resistance to the flow of concrete, is

A. Simplex pile
B. Vibro pile
C. Raymond pile
D. Franki pile

View Answer

Question 104

In English garden wall bond

A. one course of headers to three or five course of stretchers
B. queen closer in provided in each heading course
C. the middle course of stretchers is started with a header to give proper vertical joints
D. all the above.

View Answer

Question 105

The mortar in which both cement and lime are used as binding materials, is called

A. Cement mortar
B. Lime mortar
C. Fire resistant mortar
D. Gauged mortar

View Answer

Question 106

The vertical side member of a shutter frame, is known

A. Style
B. Reveal
C. Mullion
D. Post

View Answer

Question 107

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. Horizontal D.P.C. is provided at plinth level in internal walls
B. D.P.C. is provided under door and verandah openings
C. Vertical D.P.'is not provided in internal walls
D. Cement concrete is a rigid damp-proofing material

View Answer

Question 108

Brick nogging type of partition wall, is constructed by

A. Laying bricks as stretchers in cement mortar
B. Laying bricks as headers in cement mortar
C. Reinforcing brick wall with iron straps
D. Constructing brick work within a wooden framework

View Answer

Question 109

Pitched and sloping roofs are suitable for

A. Coastal regions
B. Plain regions
C. Covering large areas
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 110

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. In dog-legged stairs, no space between its flights is provided
B. In open newel stair, a rectangular well is provided
C. In geometric stair, a curved shaped well between forward and backward flights, is provided
D. In geometrical stair, two quarter space landing is provided

View Answer

Question 111

A wooden block fixed on back side of a door frame on its post, is known as

A. Cleat
B. Stop
C. Horn
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 112

The taper of precast concrete pile should not be more than

A. 1 cm per metre length
B. 2 cm per metre length
C. 4 cm per metre length
D. 5 cm per metre length

View Answer

Question 113

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. The width of the wall is constructed thicker at the base in a stepped fashion
B. A long vertical load transferring concrete structure is called a concrete pile
C. In pile which transfers the load to the soil by the friction between the pile and the surrounding soil is called friction pile
D. The pile which transfers the load to a hard rock bed at certain depth is called load bearing

View Answer

Question 114

The skirting/dado in a bath roof should be upto

A. Ceiling
B. 15 cm above floor level
C. 200 cm
D. Level of the tap

View Answer

Question 115

The position of a brick when laid on its side 9 cm × 9 cm with its frog in the vertical plane, is called

A. Brick on edge
B. Brick on end
C. Brick on bed
D. Brick held vertically

View Answer

Question 116

The single stage well point system of dewatering an excavation can be used if the depth of excavation does not exceed

A. 5 m
B. 10 m
C. 15 m
D. 20 m

View Answer

Question 117

If the depth of an excavation is 20 meters, number of single stage well points to be installed at various levels, is

A. 5
B. 4
C. 3
D. 2

View Answer

Question 118

For a wall carrying heavy load on low bearing capacity soil,

A. Lean concrete bed is provided
B. Thick concrete bed is provided
C. Reinforced concrete bed is provided
D. Both (A) and (C) of the above

View Answer

Question 119

Expansion joints in masonry walls are provided if length exceeds

A. 10 m
B. 20 m
C. 30 m
D. 40 m

View Answer

Question 120

In ordinary residential and public buildings, the damp proof course is generally provided at

A. Ground level
B. Plinth level
C. Water table level
D. Midway ground level and water-table level

View Answer

Question 121

The maximum permissible differential settlement, in case of foundations in clayey soil, is usually limited to

A. 10 mm
B. 20 mm
C. 30 mm
D. 40 mm

View Answer

Question 122

If (φ) is the angle of repose of soil of weight w kg/m3, the horizontal pressure p at a depth of h meters per metre length of wall, is

A. wh × [(1 - sin φ)/(1 + sin φ)]
B. (wh/2) × [(1 - sin φ)/(1 + sin φ)]
C. wh × √[(1 - sin φ)/(1 + sin φ)]
D. wh × √[(1 + sin φ)/(1 - sin φ)]

View Answer

Question 123

The ceiling height of a building is

A. Between ceiling and ground level
B. Between ceiling and floor level
C. Upto roof above ground level
D. Upto ceiling from the ground level

View Answer

Question 124

The predominant constituent which is responsible for strength in granite is

A. Quartz
B. Felspar
C. Mica
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 125

The X-ray rooms are plastered with

A. Plaster of Paris
B. Barium plaster
C. Martin's cement
D. Keen's cement

View Answer

Question 126

The minimum thickness of walls built in cement mortar (1 : 6) for a single storey building, is

A. 10 cm
B. 15 cm
C. 20 cm
D. 25 cm

View Answer

Question 127

The process of keeping concrete moist for a certain period after its finishing, is known as

A. Finishing of concrete
B. Curing of concrete
C. Placing of concrete
D. Compaction of concrete

View Answer

Question 128

Dampness causes

A. Efflorescence
B. Bleaching of paints
C. Crumbling of plaster
D. Growth of termites

View Answer

Question 129

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The sand in the sand pile is well compacted
B. The sand is kept moist at the time of placing and tamping
C. Sand piles are generally used under column loads
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 130

Which one of the following factors is considered for the orientation of buildings?

A. The direction of the prevailing winds in the area
B. The exposure of the walls and roof of the buildings to the rays of sun
C. The extent up to which the sunrays penetrate with the verandah
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 131

To obtain good bonding in brick masonry

A. First class bricks are used
B. Vertical joints in alternate courses are kept in plumb line
C. Bats are used where necessary
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 132

Two columns 50 cm × 50 cm and 60 cm × 60 cm carry 80 tonnes and 120 tonnes of loads respectively. The centre to centre distance between columns is 5.00 metres. The permissible bearing capacity of the soil is 20 t/m2. If the footing is not to project more than 25 cm beyond the outside of the smaller column, pick up the correct design parameters of the footing from the following:

A. Distance of C.G. of the loads from the smaller column = 3.00 m
B. The length of the foundation slab = 7.00 m
C. Area of footing slab = 11.00 m2
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 133

The minimum depth of foundation in clayey soils is

A. 0.5 m
B. 0.7 m
C. 0.9 m
D. 1.2 m

View Answer

Question 134

For each storey (or, story) of a building, the depth of exploration should be

A. 1 meter
B. 2 meters
C. 3 meters
D. 4 meters

View Answer

Question 135

The bearing capacity of a water logged soil, may be improved by

A. Grouting
B. Chemical action
C. Drainage
D. Compaction

View Answer

Question 136

Raft foundations are used for:

A. Providing increased area of foundation over poor bearing capacity of soil
B. Spanning over small soft or loose pockets
C. Counter acting the hydrostatic effect
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 137

The nominal thickness of an expansion joint in brick walls, is kept more than

A. 5 mm
B. 10 mm
C. 15 mm
D. 20 mm

View Answer

Question 138

The under surface of an arch, is called

A. Soffit
B. Intrados
C. Haunch
D. Back

View Answer

Question 139

An ordinary concrete may be made water proof by adding

A. Pudlo
B. Impermo
C. Snowcem
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 140

According to Rankine's formula, minimum depth of foundations, is

A. (P/w) × [(1 + sin φ)/(1 - sin φ)]²
B. (P/w) × [(1 - sin φ)/(1 + sin φ)]²
C. (P/2w) × [(1 - sin φ)/(1 + sin φ)]²
D. (P/w) × [(1 + sin φ)/(1 - sin φ)]

View Answer

Question 141

The piece of a brick cut with its one corner equivalent to half the length and half the width of a full brick, is known as

A. Queen closer
B. Bevelled closer
C. King closer
D. Half king closer

View Answer

Question 142

The depth of concrete bed of the foundation depends upon

A. The projection of the concrete block beyond the footing over it
B. The upward soil pressure
C. The mix of the concrete
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 143

Pick up the correct statement from the following :

A. inclined borings are made for taking samples under existing structures
B. inclined borings are occasionally used instead of vertical holes.
C. the spacing of inclined borings is kept such that one bore hole is vertically above the bottom of an adjacent bore hole.
D. all the above.

View Answer

Question 144

If height of the first storey of a building is 3.2 m and riser is 13 cm, the number of treads required, is

A. 12
B. 18
C. 24
D. 25

View Answer

Question 145

The exterior angle between outer faces of a wall, is known as

A. Turn
B. Junction
C. Quion
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 146

Grillage foundation

A. Is used to transfer heavy structural loads from steel columns to a soil having low bearing capacity
B. Is light and economical
C. Does not require deep cutting as the required base area with required pressure intensity is obtained at a shallow depth
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 147

To stagger vertical joints in successive courses of a wall, a piece of brick is generally used at the end of the course, which is known as

A. Bat
B. Header
C. Stretcher
D. Closer

View Answer

Question 148

The angular steps used for changing direction of the stairs, are called

A. round steps
B. angular steps
C. winders
D. radial steps

View Answer

Question 149

The vertical members fixed between steps and hand rail, are known

A. Balusters
B. Strings
C. Newel posts
D. Soffits

View Answer

Question 150

The lower edge of the pitched roof, from where the rain water of the roof surface drops down, is known as

A. Hip
B. Gable
C. Ridge
D. Eaves

View Answer

Question 151

As compared to English bond, double Flemish bond is

A. Stronger
B. More compact
C. Costly
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 152

The columns of multi-storeyed buildings are designed to withstand the forces due to

A. Dead loads
B. Live loads
C. Wind loads
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 153

Depth of lean concrete bed placed at the bottom of a wall footing, is kept

A. 10 cm
B. 15 cm
C. Equal to its projection beyond wall base
D. Less than its projection beyond wall base

View Answer

Question 154

The depth of an arch is the distance between

A. Ground level and springing line
B. Crown and springing line
C. Crown and ground level
D. Intrados and extrados

View Answer

Question 155

The pile which is provided with a bulb filled with concrete at its lower end, is known as

A. Simplex pile
B. Mac-Arthur pile
C. Raymond pile
D. Franki pile

View Answer

Question 156

The type of stone masonry in which stones of same height are laid in layers, is called

A. Random rubble masonry
B. Course rubble masonry
C. Uncoursed rubble masonry
D. Ashlar masonry

View Answer

Question 157

While investigating the site, a thick layer of fairly firm clay over a deep layer of soft clay is encountered. In such a situation, the following type of foundation is useful:

A. Pile formation
B. Raft foundation
C. Grillage foundation
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 158

The taper of precast concrete pile should not be more than

A. 1 cm per metre length
B. 2 cm per metre length
C. 4 cm per metre length
D. 5 cm per metre length.

View Answer

Question 159

The lintels are preferred to arches because

A. Arches require more headroom to span the openings like doors, windows etc.
B. Arches require strong abutments to withstand arch thrust
C. Arches are difficult in construction
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 160

The radial splits which are wider on the outside of the log and narrower towards the pith are known as

A. Heart shakes
B. Cupshakes
C. Starshakes
D. Rindgalls

View Answer

Question 161

To ensure that supporting area of an offset footing of a boundary wall is fully compressive, the C.G. of load must act

A. At the centre of the base
B. Within the middle third of the base
C. Within the middle fifth of the base
D. Neither (A), (B) nor (C)

View Answer

Question 162

The width of the hollow space between two walls of a cavity wall should not exceed

A. 5 cm
B. 7.5 cm
C. 10 cm
D. 15 cm

View Answer

Question 163

Couple close roof is suitable for maximum span of

A. 2.5 m
B. 3.5 m
C. 4.5 m
D. 5.5 m

View Answer

Question 164

The arrangement made to support an unsafe structure temporarily, is known as

A. Shoring
B. Scaffolding
C. Underpinning
D. Jacking

View Answer

Question 165

The type of pointing in which upper side of mortar joints is kept about 12 mm inside the face of the masonry and bottom is kept flushed with face of wall, is

A. Truck pointing
B. Recessed pointing
C. Struck pointing
D. Grooved pointing

View Answer

Question 166

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Plain cement concrete is equally strong in compression as well as in tension
B. Slump test is performed to check concrete strength
C. Curing of concrete is done for proper compaction of cement
D. Fineness modulus is the index number expressing the relative sizes of both coarse and fine aggregates

View Answer

Question 167

The important test to be conducted on a stone used in docks and harbors is

A. Hardness test
B. Workability test
C. Weight test
D. Toughness test

View Answer

Question 168

Construction is the process of constructing a building or infrastructure.

A. True
B. False

View Answer

Question 169

To construct a 10 cm thick partition wall, you will prefer

A. English bond
B. Flemish bond
C. Header bond
D. Stretcher bond

View Answer

Question 170

In clay soil

A. Swelling and shrinkage characteristics prevail
B. Consolidation continues even after several years of construction
C. Differential settlement is generally prevalent
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 171

A pointed arch which forms isosceles or equilateral triangle, is generally known as

A. Three centered arch
B. Two centered arch
C. Lancet arch
D. Bull's eye arch

View Answer

Question 172

The maximum bearing capacity of soil is that of

A. Black cotton soil
B. Loose fine sandy soil
C. Dry coarse sandy soil
D. Hard rocks

View Answer

Question 173

For a rectangular foundation of width b, eccentricity of load should not exceed

A. b/2
B. b/3
C. b/4
D. b/6

View Answer

Question 174

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. Cement is added to lime mortar to increase its hydraulic properties only
B. Lime surkhi mortar is used for pointing the walls
C. Lime should be slaked before preparing lime mortar
D. High early strength concrete is generally used in cold weather

View Answer

Question 175

The black cotton soil

A. Undergoes volumetric changes
B. Swells excessively when wet
C. Shrinks excessively when dry
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 176

The brick laid with its length parallel to the face of a wall, is a known as

A. Header
B. Stretcher
C. Closer
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 177

The vertical posts placed at the top and bottom ends of a flight supporting the hand rail are known as

A. Balusters
B. Newel posts
C. Balustrades
D. Railings

View Answer

Question 178

The function of cleats in a roof truss is

A. To support the common rafter
B. To support purlins
C. To prevent the purlins from tilting
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 179

The vertical sides of a door and window openings provided in a wall, are known as

A. Verticals
B. Reveals
C. Jambs
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 180

The stone whose crushing strength is least, is

A. Granite
B. Chalk
C. Marble
D. Slate

View Answer

Question 181

The line of intersection of two surfaces of a sloping roof forming an internal angle less than 180°, is known as

A. Ridge
B. Hip
C. Valley
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 182

Which one of the following rocks is used for monumental buildings?

A. Granite
B. Marble
C. Sand stone
D. Slate

View Answer

Question 183

The process of working a flat for the finishing coat, is known

A. Dubbing out
B. Floating
C. Knitting
D. Blistering

View Answer

Question 184

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The cost of square rooms is less
B. The expenditure on the foundation and roof for the double storeyed building is nearly half of that for the ground storeyed building
C. The cost of construction of a house may be minimized by restricting the height floors
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 185

During percussion drilling

A. Ground water observations are hindered due to entry of the slurry in the soil below the bottom of the hole
B. Caving or mixing of strata are caused in soft soils or cohesion-less soils
C. The soil to a considerable depth below the bottom of the hole gets disturbed
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 186

The type of bond in which every course contains both headers and stretchers, is called

A. English bond
B. Flemish bond
C. Russian bond
D. Mixed bond

View Answer

Question 187

Pile foundation is generally provided if soil is

A. Compressible
B. Water logged
C. Made up
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 188

The portion of a brick cut across the width, is called

A. Closer
B. Half brick
C. Bed
D. Bat

View Answer

Question 189

Pick up the correct statements from the following:

A. Cracks appear on the plastered surface in the form of hair cracks
B. In brick work, the efflorescence is removed by applying a solution of zinc sulphate and water
C. Excessive thermal variations in the backing or plaster causes the plaster to fall
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 190

Pick up the correct specification of one-room quarters generally adopted from the following:

A. Six quarters in a row
B. The size of room is either 3.5 m × 3 m or 4.2 m × 2.5 m
C. The front verandah is kept 2 m wide
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 191

The bearing capacity of piles is determined by

A. Dynamic formula
B. Static formula
C. Pile load tests
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 192

The function of king post in a king post roof truss is

A. To support the frame work of the roof
B. To receive the ends of principal rafter
C. To prevent the walls from spreading outward
D. To prevent the tie beam from sagging at its centre

View Answer

Question 193

In places where the soil is soft and has small resistance to the flow of concrete, which one of the following types of piles, is used

A. Vibro pile
B. Pressure pile
C. Franki pile
D. Pedestal pile

View Answer

Question 194

In horizontal D.P.C, thickness of cement concrete (1 : 2 : 4) is

A. 2 cm
B. 4 cm
C. 6 cm
D. 8 cm

View Answer

Question 195

Arches in the form of masonry arcs struck from more than four centres, are called

A. Two curved arches
B. Gothic arches
C. Ogee arches
D. Drop gothic arches

View Answer

Question 196

The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making

A. Heat insulated
B. Sound insulated
C. Neither (A) nor (B)
D. Both (A) and (B)

View Answer

Question 197

The additional piles which are driven to increase the capacity of supporting loads on vertical piles, are known

A. Construction piles
B. Raking piles
C. Eccentric piles
D. Sinking piles

View Answer

Question 198

The vertical distance between the springing line and highest point of the inner curve of an arch is known as

A. Intrados
B. Rise
C. Spandril
D. Extrados

View Answer

Question 199

A wooden block hinged on post outside a door, is known

A. Cleat
B. Stop
C. Horn
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 200

The lower half portion between crown and skew back of the arch, is called

A. Spandril
B. Haunch
C. Springing
D. Soffit

View Answer

Question 201

The stone whose crushing strength is maximum, is

A. Granite
B. Chalk
C. Slate
D. Sand stone

View Answer

Question 202

In flat roof of reinforced cement concrete, the recommended angle of slope, is

A. Zero
B. A few degrees
C. 10°
D. 200°

View Answer

Question 203

The brick laid with its breadth parallel to the face of a wall, is known as

A. Header
B. Stretcher
C. Closer
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 204

In case of foundations on sandy soil, maximum permissible differential settlement, is usually limited to

A. 15 mm
B. 25 mm
C. 35 mm
D. 45 mm

View Answer

Question 205

The highest line of sloping roof, where two opposite slopes meet, is known as

A. Rafter
B. Ridge
C. Crown
D. Eave

View Answer

Question 206

The bond in which headers and stretchers are laid in alternate courses and every stretcher course is started with a three fourth brick bat, is known as

A. English cross bond
B. Dutch bond
C. Monk bond
D. Rat-trap bond

View Answer

Question 207

The art of bringing the floor to a true level surface by means of screeds, is called

A. Topping
B. Bedding
C. Screeding
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 208

Safe bearing capacity of black cotton soil varies from

A. 2 to 3 t/m²
B. 5 to 7.5 t/m²
C. 8 to 10 t/m²
D. 10 to 12 t/m²

View Answer

Question 209

According to National Building Code, the hydrants in water mains is provided at minimum interval of

A. 50 m
B. 60 m
C. 75 m
D. 90 m

View Answer

Question 210

Vertical construction joints are provided where the shearing forces are minimum in the case of

A. Slabs
B. Beams
C. Girders
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 211

The type of arch used for high class buildings where appearance is of prime importance, is known as

A. Ashlar arch
B. Rubble arch
C. Gauged brick arch
D. Axed brick arch

View Answer

Question 212

Rotary drilling is the fastest method in case of

A. Rocky soils
B. Clay soils
C. Sandy soil
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 213

Exposed portions of vertical surface at right angles to the door or window frame, are known as

A. Jambs
B. Lintels
C. Reveals
D. Soffits

View Answer

Question 214

The stone masonry of finely dressed stones laid in cement or lime, is

A. Random rubble masonry
B. Coursed rubble masonry
C. Dry rubble masonry
D. Ashlar masonry

View Answer

Question 215

Slate

A. Is a metamorphic rock
B. Splits into thin sheets along its bedding planes
C. Has a smooth surface and contains alumina and silica
D. Possesses good water absorption capacity

View Answer

Question 216

The thickness of a reinforced brick partition wall, is generally kept

A. 5 cm
B. 10 cm
C. 15 cm
D. 20 cm

View Answer

Question 217

Minimum width of landing should be

A. Equal to width of stairs
B. Half the width of stairs
C. Twice the width of stairs
D. One fourth the width of stairs

View Answer

Question 218

Which one of the following piles has a cast iron shoe even after removal of the hollow cylindrical steel casing?

A. Simplex pile
B. Pedestal pile
C. Vibro pile
D. Both (A) and (C) of the above

View Answer

Question 219

The nominal thickness of one brick wall in mm, is

A. 90 mm
B. 150 mm
C. 190 mm
D. 200 mm

View Answer

Question 220

The Auger borings are not common

A. in soils that require lateral support
B. in cohesive soils
C. in soft soils
D. none of the above.

View Answer

Question 221

The member which is placed horizontally to support common rafter of a sloping roof, is

A. Purlin
B. Cleat
C. Batten
D. Strut

View Answer

Question 222

The range of spread from the wall base to outer edge of a brick work foundation does not exceed

A. 1/2 horizontal to 1 vertical
B. 2/3 horizontal to 1 vertical
C. 1 horizontal to 1 vertical
D. 2 horizontals to 1 vertical

View Answer

Question 223

The type of pile which is driven at an inclination to resist inclined forces is known as

A. Friction pile
B. Sheet pile
C. Batter pile
D. Anchor pile

View Answer

Question 224

The method of moving each brick through a small horizontal distance before it is finally laid in any brick wall and pressing it by means of brick hammer, is known as

A. Troweling
B. Laying
C. Grouting
D. Placing

View Answer

Question 225

Stud(s) of a common wooden partition

A. are vertical wooden members
B. is the upper horizontal wooden member
C. is the lower horizontal wooden member
D. are the intermediate horizontal wooden members.

View Answer

Question 226

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Louvered door is generally provided in bath rooms
B. Flush door is generally provided in dining room
C. Revolving door is generally provided in cinema halls
D. Sliding door is generally provided in show rooms

View Answer

Question 227

In grillage foundations a minimum 15 cm cover is provided on

A. Upper flange of top tier
B. Lower beam of lower tier
C. Ends of external beams
D. None to these

View Answer

Question 228

The 19 cm × 9 cm side of a brick as seen in the wall face, is generally known as

A. Stretcher
B. Face
C. Front
D. Header

View Answer

Question 229

The bearing capacity of granite is generally

A. 5 to 10 kg/cm²
B. 15 to 20 kg/cm²
C. 30 to 35 kg/cm²
D. 40 to 45 kg/cm²

View Answer

Question 230

The raft slab is projected beyond the outer walls of the structure by

A. 5 to 10 cm
B. 15 to 20 cm
C. 25 to 30 cm
D. 30 to 45 cm

View Answer

Question 231

Pile foundations are suitable for

A. Water logged soils
B. Soft rocks
C. Compact soils
D. Multi-storeyed buildings

View Answer

Question 232

An arch constructed with finely dressed stones, is known

A. Ashlar arch
B. Rubble arch
C. Gauged arch
D. Axed arch

View Answer

Question 233

The foundations are placed below ground level, to increase

A. strength
B. workability
C. stability of structure
D. all the above.

View Answer

Question 234

For providing a raft foundation, the following activities are involved1.Ramming the foundation bed2.Excavation of the soil upto required depth3.Laying the reinforcement over the foundation bed4.Curing the cement concrete placed over reinforcement5.Pouring the cement concrete over the reinforcementThe correct sequence is

A. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
B. 5, 4, 3, 2, 1
C. 2, 1, 3, 5, 4
D. 3, 2, 5, 1, 4

View Answer

Question 235

The bearing capacity of a water logged soil can be improved by

A. Compacting the soil
B. Draining the soil
C. Increasing the depth of foundation
D. Grouting

View Answer

Question 236

In English garden wall bond

A. One course of headers to three or five course of stretchers
B. Queen closer in provided in each heading course
C. The middle course of stretchers is started with a header to give proper vertical joints
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 237

A ___________ can be used to span over a canyon, or depression, or even over a freeway or roadway.

A. culvert
B. tunnels
C. drainage
D. bridges

View Answer

Question 238

A wall constructed to resist the pressure of an earth filling, is called

A. Retaining wall
B. Breast wall
C. Buttress
D. Parapet wall

View Answer

Question 239

A ___________________ is a construction industry professional with expert knowledge on construction costs and contracts. They are not to be confused with Land Surveyors or Land Survey Engineers.

A. Project manager
B. Building services engineer
C. Quantity Surveyor
D. Civil estimators

View Answer

Question 240

Cavity wall is generally provided for

A. Heat insulation
B. Sound insulation
C. Prevention of dampness
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 241

The wedge shaped bricks forming an arch ring, are called

A. Soffits
B. Voussoirs
C. Haunches
D. Spandrils

View Answer

Question 242

To ensure that supporting area of an offset footing of a boundary wall is fully compressive, the C.G. of load must act

A. at the centre of the base
B. within the middle third of the base
C. within the middle fifth of the base
D. neither (a), (b) nor (c).

View Answer

Question 243

The entrained concrete is used in lining walls and roofs for making

A. heat insulated
B. sound insulated
C. neither (a) nor (b)
D. both (a) and (b).

View Answer

Question 244

Mansard roof is a roof which slopes in

A. Two directions without break in the slope on each side
B. Two directions with break in the slope on each side
C. Four directions without break in the slope on each side
D. Four directions with break in the slope on each side

View Answer

Question 245

A floor constructed with 3 mm marble chips, is known

A. Mosaic floor
B. Terrazzo floor
C. Chips floor
D. Marble floor

View Answer

Question 246

Gravels

A. Are cohesionless aggregates
B. Vary in size between 2 to 20 mm
C. Never swell when they come into contact with water
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 247

The piece of a brick cut with its one corner equivalent to half the length and half the width of a full brick, is known as

A. queen closer
B. bevelled closer
C. king closer
D. half king closer.

View Answer

Question 248

The stepped structure provided for lateral support of a structure, is

A. Retaining wall
B. Breast wall
C. Buttress
D. Parapet wall

View Answer

Question 249

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. In Flemish bond, headers and stretchers are laid alternately in the same course
B. In Flemish bond every header in each course lies centrally over every stretcher of the underlying course
C. In English bond, stretchers are laid in every course
D. In English bond, headers and stretchers are laid in alternate courses

View Answer

Question 250

Black cotton soil is unsuitable for foundations because its

A. Bearing capacity is low
B. Permeability is uncertain
C. Particles are cohesive
D. Property to undergo a volumetric change due to variation of moisture content

View Answer

Question 251

A roof which slopes in four directions, is called

A. Shed roof
B. Gable end roof
C. Hipped roof
D. Gambrel roof

View Answer

Question 252

For effective drainage, the finished surface of flat roof should have a minimum slope of

A. 1 in 20
B. 1 to 50
C. 1 in 10
D. 1 in 5

View Answer

Question 253

The arrangement of supporting an existing structure by providing supports underneath, is known as

A. Shoring
B. Underpinning
C. Jacking
D. Piling

View Answer

Question 254

During percussion drilling

A. ground water observations are hindered due to entry of the slurry in the soil below the bottom of the hole
B. caving or mixing of strata are caused in soft soils or cohesionless soils
C. the soil to a considerable depth below the bottom of the hole gets disturbed
D. all the above.

View Answer

Question 255

The foundation which consists of a thick reinforced cement slab covering whole area to support heavy concentrated structural loads, is known as

A. Combined footing
B. Strap footing
C. Raft footing
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 256

The member which is placed horizontally to support common rafter of a sloping roof, is

A. purlin
B. cleat
C. batten
D. strut.

View Answer

Question 257

The form work from the underside of slabs, can be removed only after

A. 1 day
B. 4 days
C. 7 days
D. 14 days

View Answer

Question 258

Queen closer may be placed

A. in header course
B. in stretcher course
C. in header course next to first brick
D. in stretcher course next to first brick

View Answer

Question 259

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. The function of foundation is to distribute the load of super structure over a large bearing area
B. No timbering is required for shallow trenches
C. Shallow foundations can be constructed on made-up soil
D. Black cotton soil is very good for foundation bed

View Answer

Question 260

For the construction of flyovers in sandy soils, the type of foundation provided, is

A. Strap footing
B. Raft footing
C. Combined footing
D. Pier footing

View Answer

Question 261

The horizontal timber piece provided at the apex of a roof truss which supports the common rafter is called

A. Ridge board
B. Hip rafter
C. Eaves board
D. Valley rafter

View Answer

Question 262

For constructing a terrazzo floor, Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. A base course is prepared as in cement concrete flooring
B. A 32 mm thick layer of cement concrete (1 : 2 : 4) is laid on the base course and the surface is made smooth by trowelling
C. Glass strips are driven into the layer according to the pattern required
D. After final grinding is over, oxalic acid mixed with water is spread over and rubbed hard with soft material

View Answer

Question 263

Under reamed piles are generally used for

A. Machine foundations
B. Factory building
C. Tall structures
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 264

The foundations are placed below ground level, to increase

A. Strength
B. Workability
C. Stability of structure
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 265

The window which is provided in flat roof of a room, is known

A. Dormer window
B. Lantern window
C. Louvered window
D. Sky window

View Answer

Question 266

A concrete structure is set on fire and the temperature raises to 1000°C. The strength of concrete as compared to original strength reduces to

A. 10 %
B. 15 %
C. 20 %
D. 25 %

View Answer

Question 267

In soft clay of low bearing capacity, the type of steel pile generally used, is

A. H-pile
B. Screw pile
C. Disc pile
D. Pipe pile

View Answer

Question 268

For heavy embankments and dams, of height h, the depth of exploration of soil should not be less than

A. h/4
B. 1/2 h
C. h
D. 2 h

View Answer

Question 269

Raft foundation are generally preferred to when the area required for individual footing, is more than

A. 25% to total area
B. 30% of total area
C. 40% to total area
D. 50% of total area

View Answer

Question 270

The angle between skew back of a flat arch and the horizontal, is kept approximately equal to

A. 0°
B. 30°
C. 60°
D. 90°

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Question 271

A cut in frame of a door to receive the shutter, is called

A. Louver
B. Stop
C. Horn
D. Rebate

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Question 272

The stone blocks approximately triangular in shape, used as steps, are known

A. Stone steps
B. Built up steps
C. Spandril steps
D. None of these

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Question 273

Dado is usually provided in

A. Dining halls
B. Bath rooms
C. Living rooms
D. Verandah (belcony)

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Question 274

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Louvered door is generally provided in bath rooms
B. Flush door is generally provided in dinning room
C. Revolving door is generally provided in cinema halls
D. Sliding door is generally provided in show rooms

View Answer

Question 275

A solid core of rock is formed in side the cylinder in the case of

A. auger boring
B. percussion drilling
C. diamond drilling
D. wash boring.

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Question 276

Bearing capacity of soils cannot be improved by

A. Draining sub-soil water
B. Ramming crushed stone in soil
C. Driving sand piles
D. Watering surface of soil

View Answer

Question 277

Dado is usually provided in

A. dinning halls
B. bath rooms
C. living rooms
D. verandah

View Answer

Question 278

The line of intersection of the surfaces of a sloping roof forming an external angle exceeding 180°, is

A. ridge
B. hip
C. valley
D. none of these.

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Question 279

The least bearing capacity of soil is that of

A. Hard rock
B. Moist clay
C. Soft rock
D. Coarse sandy soil

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Question 280

In verandah (corridor) floors outward slope is

A. 1 in 40
B. 1 in 50
C. 1 in 60
D. 1 in 70

View Answer

Question 281

Couple roof is used for spans

A. 3.5 m or less
B. 3.5 m but less than 5 m
C. 5 m but less than 6.5 m
D. 6.5 m but less than 8 m

View Answer

Question 282

Depth or height of the arch is the

A. Perpendicular distance between intrados and extrados
B. Vertical distance between springing line and intrados
C. Perpendicular distance between springing line and extrados
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 283

The portion of a brick cut across the width, is called

A. closer
B. half brick
C. bed
D. bat.

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Question 284

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. The first coat of stucco plaster is called scratch coat
B. The second coat of stucco plaster is called brown coat
C. The third coat of stucco plaster is called white coat
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 285

The triangular space formed between the extrados and the horizontal line drawn through the crown of an arch is known as

A. Haunch
B. Spandril
C. Voussoirs
D. Skewbacks

View Answer

Question 286

The local swelling of a finished plaster, is termed

A. Cracking
B. Dubbing
C. Blistering
D. Hacking

View Answer

Question 287

The piece of a brick cut along the centre of width in such a way that its length is equal to that of full brick, is called

A. Half brick
B. Queen closer
C. King closer
D. Bevelled closer

View Answer

Question 288

In case of multi-storeyed buildings, the forms to be removed first are

A. Sides of beams and girders
B. Column forms
C. Bottom of beams and girders
D. All the above at the same time

View Answer

Question 289

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following:

A. In king post truss, one vertical post is used
B. In a queen post truss, one vertical post is used
C. In a queen post truss, two vertical posts are used
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 290

A covering of concrete placed on the exposed top of an external wall, is known as

A. Cornice
B. Coping
C. Frieze
D. Lintel

View Answer

Question 291

The foundation in which a cantilever beam is provided to join two footings, is known as

A. strip footing
B. strap footing
C. combined footing
D. raft footing

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Question 292

Ornamental moulded course placed on the top of a wall, is

A. Cornice
B. Coping
C. Frieze
D. Lintel

View Answer

Question 293

The dimensions of a half queen closer, are

A. 9 cm × 9 cm × 9 cm
B. 9 cm × 9 cm × 4.5 cm
C. 9 cm × 4.5 cm × 9 cm
D. 1.8 cm × 4.5 cm × 9 cm

View Answer

Question 294

Dutch bond is a modification of

A. English bond
B. Stretcher bond
C. Header bond
D. Single Flemish bond

View Answer

Question 295

In any good staircase, the maximum and minimum pitch respectively should be

A. 90° and 0°
B. 75° and 30°
C. 60° and 10°
D. 40° and 25°

View Answer

Question 296

A wooden block hinged on post outside a door, is known

A. cleat
B. stop
C. horn
D. none of these.

View Answer

Question 297

Which one of the following activities is not correct as applicable to brick corbels

A. The maximum projection of the corbel should not be more than the thickness of the wall
B. The maximum projection of each corbel course should be limited to a quarter brick at a time
C. The discontinuous corbels are used to carry heavy concentrated loads
D. Stretcher bond is generally used for the construction of brick corbel

View Answer

Question 298

The number of steps in a flight generally should not be less than

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. No limit

View Answer

Question 299

The form work from the underside of slabs, can be removed only after

A. 1 day
B. 4 days
C. 7 days
D. 14 days.

View Answer

Question 300

The differential settlement in case of foundations on sandy soils should not exceed

A. 25 mm
B. 40 mm
C. 65 mm
D. 100 mm

View Answer

Question 301

A floor constructed with the 4 to 6 mm marble chips, is known

A. Reinforced marble floor
B. Terrazzo floor
C. Marble floor
D. Chip floor

View Answer

Question 302

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Cavity of a cavity wall should start near ground level
B. Cavity of a cavity wall should terminate near eaves level of sloping roof
C. Cavity of a cavity wall should terminate near coping of flat roof with parapet wall
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 303

A pre-stressed concrete pile is

A. Easy to handle
B. Lighter in weight
C. Extremely durable
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 304

The form work from the sides of beams can be removed only after

A. 1 day
B. 4 days
C. 7 days
D. 14 days

View Answer

Question 305

Engineering news formula for obtaining safe bearing capacity of pile for drop hammer, is,

A. Q = Wh/6 (S + 2.5)
B. Q = Wh/2.5 (S + 6)
C. Q = (W × 6)/h (S + 2.5)
D. Q = (W × 2.5)/6 (S + h)

View Answer

Question 306

A stair should not have pitch more than

A. 25°
B. 30°
C. 40°
D. 50°

View Answer

Question 307

Single Flemish bond consists of

A. Double Flemish bond facing and English bond backing in each course
B. English bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
C. Stretcher bond facing and double Flemish bond backing in each course
D. Double Flemish bond facing and header bond backing in each course

View Answer

Question 308

Crown is located at

A. Highest point on the extrados of the arch
B. Highest point on the intrados of the arch
C. Skew-back of the arch
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 309

In which of the following pairs both trees yield soft wood?

A. Deodar and Shishum
B. Chir and sal
C. Sal and teak
D. Chir and deodar

View Answer

Question 310

The projections of head or sill of a door or window frame are

A. Transoms
B. Horns
C. Stops
D. Chocks

View Answer

Question 311

While designing a stair, the product of rise and going is approximately kept equal to

A. 350
B. 420
C. 450
D. 500

View Answer

Question 312

Arches in the form of masonry arcs struck from more than four centres, are called

A. two curved arches
B. gothic arches
C. ogee arches
D. drop gothic arches.

View Answer

Question 313

Assertion A : Shishum is used for decorative woodwork.Reason R : Shishum can be polished to an excellent finish.Select your answer according to the coding system given below:

A. Both A and R is true and R is the correct explanation of A
B. Both A and R is true but R is not the correct explanation of A
C. A is true but R is false
D. A is false but R is true

View Answer

Question 314

The maximum total settlement for raft foundation on clayey soils should be limited to

A. 25 mm
B. 25 to 40 mm
C. 40 to 65 mm
D. 65 to 100 mm

View Answer

Question 315

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Lime mortar with cement in the ratio of in 10 is cheaper and better for outside plaster
B. For very cold or very hot climate, a compact and closed plan should be provided
C. On the sea coast, an exposed and open house is generally preferred
D. All the above

View Answer

Question 316

The concrete slump recommended for foundations, is

A. 25 to 50 mm
B. 30 to 125 mm
C. 50 to 100 mm
D. 75 to 125 mm

View Answer

Question 317

Suitable spacing of timber piles, is

A. 50 cm
B. 60 cm
C. 80 cm
D. 90 cm

View Answer

Question 318

The line of intersection of the surfaces of a sloping roof forming an external angle exceeding 180°, is

A. Ridge
B. Hip
C. Valley
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 319

The inner section of a cavity wall, is generally known as

A. Buttress
B. Leaf wall
C. Pilaster
D. Pillar

View Answer