DAPZOI
Home Ask MCQ Quiz Topics Login


DNA Sequencing, Mutation and Repair MCQ Questions & Answers

DNA Sequencing, Mutation and Repair MCQs : This section focuses on the "DNA Sequencing, Mutation and Repair". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the DNA Sequencing, Mutation and Repair skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

Which of the following(s) is/are steps in excision repair mechanisms?

A. Excision
B. Incision
C. Ligation
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 2

A nonsense mutation introduced into the DNA sequence of a gene may

A. cause premature termination of the mRNA
B. shorten the length of the protein encoded by the gene
C. have no effect on the transcript or protein made
D. cause a shift in reading frame

View Answer

Question 3

Frame shift mutation may occur as a result of

A. formation of a thymine-dimer
B. deamination of cytosine to uracil
C. conversion of guanine to xanthine
D. none of the above

View Answer

Question 4

Changes in which of the following characterizes mutations?

A. Phenotype
B. Genotype
C. Both A and B
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 5

A mutagen is defined as

A. an enzyme that repairs mutations
B. a chemical or physical agent that induces mutations
C. an inhibitor of gene modification
D. a molecule which stabilizes DNA thus prevents mutations from occurring

View Answer

Question 6

The promoter on an expression vector used to overproduce proteins in bacteria is

A. a bacterial promoter
B. expressed both in bacteria and mammalian cells
C. not a regulated promoter
D. the natural promoter of the gene being cloned

View Answer

Question 7

The DNA sequences of rRNA genes can be used to

A. assess relatedness of eukaryotes but not prokaryotes
B. obtain a tentative identification of a new microorganism
C. predict the pulsed field gel pattern of a microorganism
D. predict whether a bacteria will be gram-positive or gram-negative

View Answer

Question 8

Which of these mechanisms for thymine dimers repair lead to mutations?

A. Excision repair
B. Photoreactivation
C. SOS repair
D. Never leads to mutation

View Answer

Question 9

Frame shift mutation may occur as a result of

A. formation of a thymine-dimer
B. deamination of cytosine to uracil
C. conversion of guanine to xanthine
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 10

Differentiation of four different bases in automated sequencing systems is that each base has

A. different radioactive tag
B. cytosine at start
C. unique antibody bound to it
D. distinctive fluorescent tag

View Answer

Question 11

Which of the following(s) is/are steps in excision repair mechanisms?

A. Excision
B. Incision
C. Ligation
D. All of these

View Answer

Question 12

Thymine dimers are directly repaired with the help of visible light by process known as

A. phosphorylation
B. excision repair
C. photosynthesis
D. photoreactivation

View Answer

Question 13

What was the first eukaryotic chromosome to be sequenced?

A. Yeast chromosome III
B. Yeast chromosome XI
C. Arabidopsis chromosome IV
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 14

Which of the following mutation affects only a single nucleotide?

A. Aerial mutation
B. Site mutation
C. Point mutation
D. Regional mutation

View Answer

Question 15

Genetic variations are

A. temporary
B. influenced by the environment
C. stable
D. not heritable

View Answer

Question 16

The whole-genome shotgun sequencing approach depends primarily on

A. rapidly sequencing thousands of small randomly cloned fragments
B. methodical sequencing a few large cloned fragments of DNA
C. sequencing the bacterial chromosome while it is still intact
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 17

The mutation which will not affect the length of a protein is,

A. nonsense mutation
B. missense mutation
C. frameshift mutation
D. all of these

View Answer

Question 18

The mutation which will not affect the length of a protein is,

A. nonsense mutation
B. missense mutation
C. frameshift mutation
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 19

When mutations involve vital functions so that the mutants are nonviable, it is a

A. nonsense mutation
B. lethal mutation
C. transversion
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 20

A nonsense mutation may result into

A. an abnormal elongation of a polypeptide
B. a large deletion within the reading frame of a gene
C. a premature termination of the synthesis of a polypeptide
D. modification of mRNA

View Answer

Question 21

Changes in which of the following characterizes mutations?

A. Phenotype
B. Genotype
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 22

Which of the following bacterial genome was sequenced first?

A. E. coli
B. S. pneumoniae
C. H. influenzae
D. S. thermophilus

View Answer

Question 23

Which of the following mutations arise without exposure to external agents?

A. Spontaneous mutations
B. Analogous mutations
C. Induced mutations
D. None of these

View Answer

Question 24

Due to which of the following DNA repair mechanisms, one is able to distinguish newly synthesized DNA strands from older one?

A. New strands do not contain cytosine bases
B. New strands are lower in molecular size
C. Old strands are methylated while new strands are not
D. New strands are methylated while old strands are not

View Answer