# Electromagnetic Theory MCQ Questions & Answers

Electromagnetic Theory MCQs : This section focuses on the "Electromagnetic Theory". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Electromagnetic Theory skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.

Question 1

The refractive index of air is unity. State True/False.

A. True
B. False

Question 2

Identify which is not a type of waveguide.

A. Rectangular
B. Circular
C. Cylindrical
D. Cavity resonator

Question 3

The refractive index is 2.33 and the critical angle is 350. Find the numerical aperture.

A. 2
B. 1.9
C. 2.33
D. 12

Question 4

In free space, the charge carriers will be

A. 0
B. 1
C. 100
D. Infinity

Question 5

Which is the most important velocity in the study of transmission characteristics of optical fiber?

A. Phase velocity
B. Group velocity
C. Normalized velocity
D. Average velocity

Question 6

The expression for refractive index is given by

A. N = v/c
B. N = c/v
C. N = cv
D. N = 1/cv

Question 7

The coaxial cable are used in

A. Telephone cables transmission
B. Power transmission
C. Television signal transmission
D. Short wave transmission

Question 8

A monochromatic wave propagates along a waveguide in z direction. These points of constant phase travel in constant phase travel at a phase velocity Vp is given by?

A. Vp=ω/β
B. Vp=ω/c
C. Vp=C/N
D. Vp=mass/acceleration

Question 9

Identify which of the following is not a transmission line?

A. Telephone lines
B. Power transmission
C. Underground cables
D. Cavity resonators

Question 10

The open wire transmission line consists of

A. Conductor
B. Dielectric
C. Both conductor and dielectric
D. Either conductor or dielectric

Question 11

The cable transmission line consists of

A. Conductors
B. Insulators
C. Insulated conductors
D. Insulated conductors with dielectric

Question 12

In free space, which parameter will be unity?

A. Permittivity
B. Absolute permittivity
C. Relative permittivity
D. Permeability

Question 13

The phenomenon which occurs when an incident wave strikes an interface at an angle greater than the critical angle with respect to the normal to the surface is called as ____________

A. Refraction
B. Partial internal reflection
C. Total internal reflection
D. Limiting case of refraction

Question 14

The highest means of communication is

A. Internet
B. Telephone
C. Television

Question 15

Which parameter is unity in air medium?

A. Permittivity
B. Absolute permittivity
C. Relative permittivity
D. Permeability

Question 16

Constructive interference occur when total phase change after two successive reflections at upper and lower interfaces is equal to? (Where m is integer)

A. 2Πm
B. Πm
C. Πm/4
D. Πm/6

Question 17

The range of frequencies operated by the coaxial cables is in

A. Hz
B. KHz
C. MHz
D. GHz

Question 18

For total internal reflection to occur, which condition must be satisfied?

A. N1 = N2
B. N1 > N2
C. N1 < N2
D. N1 x N2=1

Question 19

The refractive index of water will be

A. 1
B. 2.66
C. 5
D. 1.33

Question 20

The intrinsic impedance of free space is

A. 489
B. 265
C. 192
D. 377

Question 21

The coaxial cable consists of

A. Conductors
B. Insulators
C. Conductor with dielectric
D. Two conductors with dielectric

Question 22

What is refraction?

A. Bending of light waves
B. Reflection of light waves
C. Diffusion of light waves
D. Refraction of light waves

Question 23

Telephone lines and power lines are open wire transmission lines. State true/false.

A. True
B. False

Question 24

The Snells law can be derived from which type of incidence?

A. Incidence angle
B. Reflected angle
C. Refracted angle
D. Oblique incidence

Question 25

In free space, the condition that holds good is

A. Minimum attenuation and propagation
B. Minimum attenuation and maximum propagation
C. Maximum attenuation and minimum propagation
D. Maximum attenuation and propagation

Question 26

Zero permeability/permittivity implies which state?

A. No ions are allowed in the medium
B. No current is generated in the medium
C. No magnetic or electric energy is permitted in the medium
D. No resistivity

Question 27

The range of frequencies handled by the waveguides is in

A. Hz
B. KHz
C. MHz
D. GHz

Question 28

Find the refractive index of a medium having a velocity of 1.5 x 10^8.

A. 0.5
B. 5
C. 0.2
D. 2

Question 29

The vectors of the electromagnetic wave propagation can be expressed in

A. Dot product
B. Cross product
C. Unit vector
D. Perpendicular vector

Question 30

Numerical aperture is expressed as the

A. NA = sin θa
B. NA = cos θa
C. NA = tan θa
D. NA = sec θa

Question 31

The numerical aperture of a material with acceptance angle of 60 degree in water will be

A. 1.15
B. 2.15
C. 5.21
D. 1.52

Question 32

Choose the optical fibre material from the given materials.

A. Glass
B. Plastic
C. Silica
D. Quartz

Question 33

The cut off frequency for waveguide operation is

A. 2 MHz
B. 6 GHz
C. 4 MHz
D. 6 MHz

Question 34

When λ is the optical wavelength in vacuum, k is given by k=2Π/λ. What does k stand for in the above equation?

A. Phase propagation constant
B. Dielectric constant
C. Boltzmann’s constant
D. Free-space constant

Question 35

The conductivity in free space medium is

A. Infinity
B. Unity
C. Zero
D. Negative