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Highway Engineering MCQ Questions & Answers

Highway Engineering MCQs : This section focuses on the "Highway Engineering". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Highway Engineering skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

On the recommendations of Indian Road Congress, the ruling gradient in plains, is

A. 1 in 15
B. 1 in 20
C. 1 in 30
D. 1 in 45

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Question 2

Traffic surveys are carried out

A. to know the type of traffic
B. to determine the facilities to traffic regulations
C. to design proper drainage system
D. all the above.

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Question 3

The weaving length of a roadway is the distance

A. between the channelising islands
B. equal to half circumference
C. equal to total width of adjoining radial roads
D. equal to diameter of rotary.

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Question 4

In India roads are classified into ________ based on location.

A. 6
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5

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Question 5

The absolute minimum radius of horizontal curve for a design speed 60 km ph is

A. 131 m
B. 210 m
C. 360 m
D. none of these.

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Question 6

Maximum number of passenger cars that can pass a given point on a road during one hour under the most ideal road way and traffic conditions, is known as

A. traffic density
B. basic capacity of traffic lane
C. possible capacity of traffic lane
D. all the above.

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Question 7

The total length of a valley formed by two gradients - 3% and + 2% curve between the two tangent points to provide a rate of change of centrifugal acceleration 0.6 m/sec2, for a design speed 100 km ph, is

A. 16.0 m
B. 42.3 m
C. 84.6 m
D. none of these.

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Question 8

__________ is used in shaping the surface of sand-clay roads.

A. Hoes and rakes
B. Mattocks and bush hooks
C. Drag scraper
D. Plow

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Question 9

Design of horizontal and vertical alignments, super-elevation, sight distance and grades, is worst affected by

A. width of the vehicle
B. length of the vehicle
C. height of the vehicle
D. speed of the vehicle

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Question 10

If R is the radius of a main curve and L is the length of the transition curve, the shift of the curve, is

A. L/24 R
B. L2/24 R
C. L3/24 R
D. L4/24 R

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Question 11

If the ruling gradient on any highway is 3%, the gradient provided on the curve of 300 metre radius, is

A. 2.00%
B. 2.25%
C. 2.50%
D. 2.75%

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Question 12

A prime coat is low viscosity asphalt emulsion used to create bond between existing pavement and new asphalt overlay.

A. True
B. False

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Question 13

Shoulders for high traffic volume roads, should

A. be stable throughout the year to be used by vehicles in the case of emergency
B. support and protect the ends of carriage ways
C. not allow entrance of water to sub-grade
D. all the above.

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Question 14

Border Roads Organisation for hilly regions, was formed in

A. 1947
B. 1954
C. 1958
D. 1960

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Question 15

___________ can provide a 3-5 dB reduction in tyre-pavement noise emissions.

A. Asphalt
B. Bituminous
C. Rubberised asphalt
D. Concrete

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Question 16

Thickness of a pavement may be reduced considerably by

A. compaction of soil
B. stabilisation of soil
C. drainage of soil
D. combination of all the above.

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Question 17

If cross slope of a country is 10% to 25%, the terrain is classified as

A. rolling
B. mountainous
C. steep
D. plain.

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Question 18

Travel patterns are determined by compiling a profile of ___________ and ___________ of all journeys made within the area.

A. Origin, destination
B. Mode, destination
C. Origin, speed
D. Mode, speed

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Question 19

Maximum super-elevation on hill roads should not exceed

A. 5%
B. 7%
C. 8%
D. 10%

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Question 20

How many types of pavement surfaces are there?

A. 4
B. 5
C. 6
D. 2

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Question 21

The efficiency of the brakes of a vehicle depends upon

A. condition of road surface
B. condition of the tyres
C. presence of the show moisture
D. all the above.

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Question 22

In car – centred approach, ___________ has been considered.

A. Importance of transport
B. Managing existing roads for future traffic
C. Controlling demand for transportation
D. Future increase in traffic demand

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Question 23

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. During reconnaissance, the general route of the alignment is selected
B. After reconnaissance, a trace is cut for the alignment
C. Last stage is the detailed surveys for desired geometries'of the highway
D. All the above.

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Question 24

The design consideration of highways doesn’t include:

A. Settlement
B. Cross section
C. Level of service
D. Sight distance

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Question 25

The basic formula for determination of pavement thickness was first suggested by

A. Spanglar
B. Picket
C. Kelly
D. Goldbeck

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Question 26

In water bound macadam roads, binding material, is

A. sand
B. stone dust
C. cement
D. brick dust.

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Question 27

A district road with a bituminous pavement has a horizontal curve of 1000 m for a design speed of 75 km ph. The super-elevation is

A. 1 in 40
B. 1 in 50
C. 1 in 60
D. 1 in 70

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Question 28

For the movement of vehicles at an intersection of two roads, without any interference, the type of grade separator generally preferred to, is

A. delta
B. trumpet
C. diamond interchange
D. clover leaf.

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Question 29

The minimum ratio of the radii of two circular curves of a compound curve, is kept

A. 1.25
B. 1.5
C. 1.75
D. 2

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Question 30

The period of long term plan for the development of roads in India, known as Bombay Plan (Aug. 1958), is

A. 5 years
B. 10 years
C. 15 years
D. 20 years

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Question 31

According to the recommendations of Nagpur Conference, the width formation of an ideal National Highway in hard rock cutting, is

A. 8.9 m
B. 7.9 m
C. 6.9 m
D. 6.5 m

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Question 32

As per recommendations of I.R.C., traffic volume study is carried out for rural roads for 7 days continuously during

A. harvesing
B. lean season
C. harvesting and lean season
D. none of these.

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Question 33

Pick up the correct statement from the following:

A. Safety fences are provided on either side of a roadway if embankments are in excess of 6 metres
B. Safety fences are provided on outside of the curves of radii less than 750 m if the embankments are between 3 metres and 6 metres
C. Guard stones are provided at 2.5 metres intervals if embankments are between 1.6 metres to 3 metres
D. All the above.

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Question 34

In India the modes of transportation, in the order of their importance, are

A. air transport, shipping, roads, railways
B. shipping, roads, railways, air transport
C. roads, railways, air transport, shipping
D. railways, roads, shipping, air transport

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Question 35

The minimum value of camber provided for thin bituminous surface hill roads, is

A. 2.20%
B. 2.50%
C. 3.00%
D. 3.50%

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Question 36

Increase in traffic volume, due to increase in transport vehicles, is known as

A. development traffic
B. normal traffic growth
C. generated traffic growth
D. current traffic

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Question 37

Volume of traffic which would immediately use a new road or an improved one when opened to traffic, is known

A. development traffic
B. current traffic
C. general traffic
D. normal traffic growth.

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Question 38

The longest international highway is:

A. Pan-American highway
B. Trans-Canada highway
C. Karakoram highway
D. Australia highway 1

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Question 39

The length of the side of warning sign boards of roads is

A. 30 cm
B. 40 cm
C. 45 cm
D. 50 cm

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Question 40

The head light of vehicles should be such that its lower beam illuminates objects at

A. 10 m
B. 20 m
C. 30 m
D. 40 m

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Question 41

The type of transition curves generally provided on hill roads, is

A. circular
B. cubic parabola
C. Lemniscate
D. spiral.

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Question 42

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following. The super-elevation on roads is

A. directly proportional to width of pavement
B. directly proportional to velocity of vehicles
C. inversely proportional to acceleration due to gravity
D. inversely proportional to the radius of curvature.

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Question 43

Design of flexible pavements is based on

A. mathematical analysis
B. empirical formulae
C. a compromise of pure theory and pure empirical formula
D. none of these.

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Question 44

According to Highway Research Board of U.S.A. practical land width, is

A. 2.7 m
B. 3.0 m
C. 3.3 m
D. 3.6 m

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Question 45

First operation during the detailed survey of a hill road, is

A. hydrological and soil surveys
B. adjustment of alignment along with curves
C. derivation of longitudinal and cross-sections
D. fixation of Bench Marks

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Question 46

Width of vehicles affects the width of

A. lanes
B. shoulders
C. parking spaces
D. all the above.

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Question 47

The usual width of parapet walls along Highways in hilly region, is

A. 50 cm
B. 60 cm
C. 70 cm
D. 80 cm

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Question 48

A single lane carriage way whenever changes to two-lane carriage way, is affected through a taper of

A. 1 in 10
B. 1 in 15
C. 1 in 20
D. 1 in 15 to 1 in 20

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Question 49

The wall constructed for the stability of an excavated portion of a road on the hill side, is known as

A. retaining wall
B. breast wall
C. parapet wall
D. all the above.

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Question 50

The administration of highway projects depends on __________ factors.

A. 2
B. 5
C. 3
D. 6

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Question 51

Deviation of the alignment of a trace cut may be permitted in areas involving

A. land slides
B. sand dunes
C. dens
D. none of these.

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