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Micro Organisms MCQ Questions & Answers

Micro Organisms MCQs : This section focuses on the "Micro Organisms". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Micro Organisms skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

Eukaryotic micro organisms include

A. protozoa
B. fungi
C. algae
D. all of these

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Question 2

The unifying feature of the archaea that distinguishes them from the bacteria is

A. habitats which are extreme environments with regard to acidity
B. absence of a nuclear membrane temperature
C. presence of a cell wall containing a characteristic outer membrane
D. cytoplasmic ribosomes that are 70S

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Question 3

All membranes of free-living organisms have phospholipid bilayers, but exception is

A. bacteria
B. fungi
C. archaea
D. protozoa

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Question 4

All the following are considered eukaryotes except

A. archaea
B. fungi
C. protozoa
D. humans

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Question 5

Which of the following best represents the hierarchy of levels of biological classification?

A. Phylum, kingdom, class, order, genus, species, family
B. Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
C. Kingdom, phylum, family, class, order, genus, species
D. Class, order, kingdom, phylum, family, genus, species

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Question 6

The third kingdom, protista, as suggested by E.H. Haeckel includes

A. bacteria
B. algae
C. fungi
D. all of these

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Question 7

The three domain version of life on earth is based on the

A. nucleic acid sequence data
B. morphological traits
C. metabolic traits
D. characteristics of the cell wall

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Question 8

One of the reasons for the evolutionary success of the kingdom Monera is that its members are nutritionally diverse. Which of the following(s) is/are the way(s) of obtaining energy?

A. Photoautotrophy
B. Photoheterotrophy
C. Chemoheterotrophy
D. All of the above

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Question 9

Which of the following is not true for eukaryotic cells?

A. Nucleus is bounded by nuclear membrane
B. Chromosomes contain histones
C. Chloroplasts and mitochondria contains 70S ribosomes
D. Gas vacuoles are present

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Question 10

Which of the following is/are included in Kingdom Prokaryotae?

A. Bacteria
B. Protozoa
C. Fungi
D. All of these

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Question 11

Various bacterial species can be subdivided into

A. subspecies
B. biovarieties
C. serovarieties
D. all of these

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Question 12

A newly discovered microscopic structure is hypothesized to be a living organism. Which of the following lines of evidence would support the contention that this organism may be alive?

A. It contains DNA
B. It is made of a single cell
C. It utilizes energy
D. All of these

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Question 13

Which of the following sequences has helped in identifying eukaryotes, eubacteria and archeabacterial cell types?

A. Signature sequence
B. Signal sequence
C. Shine-Dalgarno sequence
D. Amino acid sequence

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Question 14

All of the following individuals contributed to cell theory except

A. Robert Hooke
B. Matthias Schleiden
C. Theodor Schwann
D. Rudolf Virchow

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Question 15

Micro organisms are found in which of the following kingdom of five kingdom concept (Whittaker's classification)?

A. Monera
B. Protista
C. Fungi
D. All of these

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Question 16

Cell theory includes all of the following except

A. all organisms are composed of one or more cells
B. the cell is the most primitive form of life
C. the cell is the structural unit of life
D. cells arise by division of preexisting cells

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Question 17

Mycoplasmas are different from the other prokaryotes by

A. presence of chitin in cell walls
B. presence of murrain in cell walls
C. presence of proteins in cell walls
D. absence of cell wall itself

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Question 18

Which of the following is not found in the kingdom Monera?

A. Organelles
B. Organized cell structure
C. Ability to reproduce
D. Ability to use energy

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Question 19

Which of the following structure is present in prokaryotic cells?

A. Mitochondria
B. Chloroplasts
C. Golgi structure
D. Mesosome

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Question 20

The binomial name of a microbe is composed of

A. its kingdom and genus names
B. its genus name and a species modifier
C. its family and class names
D. its genus and species names

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Question 21

The individual best remembered for bringing microbes to the world is

A. Robert Hooke
B. Antony Van Leeuenhoek
C. Robert Koch
D. Masaki Ogata

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Question 22

Evolutionary relationships between groups of organisms are determined using which of the following type of information?

A. Comparisons of nucleotide sequences
B. Comparisons of biochemical pathways
C. Comparisons of structural features
D. All of the above

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Question 23

Which one is not studied in microbiology?

A. Bacteria
B. Animal behaviour
C. Fungi
D. Algae

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Question 24

The Archaea include all of the following except

A. methanogens
B. halophiles
C. thermoacidophiles
D. cyanobacteria

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Question 25

Which cell type is considered to have the oldest ancestor?

A. Archaea
B. Bacteria
C. Eukarya
D. they all share the same ancestor

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Question 26

What are Blue-Green bacteria called?

A. Acquaobacteria
B. Cyanobacteria
C. Protozoa
D. None of the above

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Question 27

Which of the following may account for the small size of the cells?

A. The rate of diffusion
B. The surface area/volume ratio
C. The number of mRNAs that can be produced by the nucleus
D. All of the above

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Question 28

A characteristic of protein synthesis in both the archaea and eukarya is

A. transcription and translation are coupled
B. translation is inhibited by diphtheria toxin
C. proteins are synthesized from D-, rather than L-, isomers of amino acids
D. the initiator tRNA is charged with N-formyl-methionine

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Question 29

The foundation for the germ theory of disease was set down by

A. Robert Koch
B. Ronald Ross
C. Louis Pasteur
D. Walter Reed

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Question 30

Who discovered the bacteria that cause cholera?

A. Pierre Berthelot
B. Robert Koch
C. Louis Pasteur
D. Rudolf Virchow

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Question 31

The word cell was first used by

A. Robert Hooke
B. Theodor Schwann
C. Louis Pasteur
D. Ronald Ross

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Question 32

The oldest eukaryotic organisms are considered to be

A. diplomonads like Giardia
B. archaea
C. fungi
D. animals

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Question 33

All the following are basic properties of cells except

A. cells have nuclei and mitochondria
B. cells have a genetic programme and the means to use it
C. cells are capable of producing more of themselves
D. cells are able to respond to stimuli

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Question 34

The phospholipids present in cytoplasm membrane of the archaeo-bacteria is

A. phosphoglycerides
B. polyisoprenoid
C. polyisoprenoid branched chain lipids
D. None of the above

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Question 35

Most microbial structures and enzymes are composed of

A. lipids
B. proteins
C. carbohydrates
D. lipids and carbohydrates

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Question 36

Which of the following is considered the most unifying concept in biology?

A. Taxonomy
B. Anatomy
C. Genetics
D. Evolution

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Question 37

The endosymbiosis hypothesis provides an explanation for how

A. eukaryotes developed from prokayotes
B. prokaryotes developed from eukaryotes
C. algae developed from protozoa
D. protozoa developed from algae

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Question 38

Archeal cells usually do not contain peptidoglycan, rather contain pseudo-peptidoglycan which is mainly composed of

A. N-acetylmuramic acid and L-amino acids
B. N-acetylmuramic acid and D-amino acids
C. N-acetyltalosaminuronic acid and D-amino acids
D. N-acetyltalosaminuronic acid and L-amino acids

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Question 39

Which of the following is not true for prokaryotic organism?

A. Nucleus is not bounded by nuclear membrane
B. Chromosomes does not contain histones
C. 80S ribosomes are distributed in cytoplasm
D. Cell wall contains peptidoglycan as one of the major component

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Question 40

Which of the following structure is absent in eukaryotic cells?

A. Mitochondria
B. Chloroplasts
C. Golgi structure
D. Mesosome

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Question 41

All of the following are features of prokaryotes except

A. nitrogen fixation
B. photosynthesis
C. sexual reproduction
D. locomotion

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Question 42

Living organisms have many complex characteristics. Which one of the following is shared by non-living matter as well?

A. Homeostasis
B. Tissues
C. Reproduction
D. Molecules

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Question 43

Gram staining was introduced by

A. Christian gram
B. Alfred Gram
C. Robertcook
D. Louis Pasteur

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Question 44

The membranes of which domains are chemically the most similar?

A. Archaea and Bacteria
B. Bacteria and Eukarya
C. Eukarya and Archaea
D. membranes of all three domains are chemically identical

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Question 45

Eukaryotic cell organelles first emerged

A. from a specialized lineage of cells within the kingdom Protista
B. when prokaryotes engulfed each other and became interdependent
C. when bacteria made their first attempts at reproduction
D. just before the origin of the animal and fungal kingdoms

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Question 46

A newly discovered microscopic structure is hypothesized to be a living organism. Which of the following lines of evidence would support the contention that this organism may be alive?

A. It contains DNA
B. It is made of a single cell
C. It utilizes energy
D. All of the above

View Answer

Question 47

What is Mycology?

A. Study of viruses
B. Study of nucleic acid
C. Study of bacteria
D. Study of fungi

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Question 48

Genetic and biochemical similarities between contemporary cyanobacteria and eukaryotic chloroplasts are accepted to mean that

A. eukaryotes evolved from bacteria
B. eukaryotes evolved from archaea
C. oxygenic photosynthesis first evolved in eukaryotes
D. cyanobacteria arose from chloroplasts which escaped from plant cells

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Question 49

Mycoplasmas, rickettsiae, and chlamydiae are

A. types of fungi
B. small bacteria
C. species of protozoa
D. forms of viruses

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Question 50

Which of the following is the most primitive?

A. Virus
B. Eukaryote
C. Archaeon
D. Mitochondria

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Question 51

Primary differences between cilia and flagella are

A. arrangement of microtubules
B. length and location of basal bodies
C. how the microtubules are fused to each other
D. number, length and direction of force

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Question 52

The first organism in most natural food chains is

A. a herbivore
B. a decomposer
C. photosynthetic
D. carnivorous

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Question 53

Who was the inventor of the Petri dish?

A. R.J. Petri, an assistant of R. Koch
B. A famous French cook
C. Italian glass blower from Petri, Italy
D. None of these

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Question 54

Which of the following microorganisms is classified as a member of archaebacteria?

A. Gyanobacteria
B. Methanobacteria
C. Trichomonads
D. Mycoplasma

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Question 55

Various bacterial species can be subdivided into

A. subspecies
B. biovarieties
C. serovarieties
D. All of the above

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Question 56

Which of the following is a characteristic unique to the ciliates?

A. Use of cilia as a sensory function
B. Presence of both a macronucleus and several micronuclei
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. Possess a light-detecting eye spot

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Question 57

Which of the following structures is the smallest?

A. Viriod
B. Hydrogen atom
C. Bacterium
D. Mitochondrion

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Question 58

The phospholipids present in cytoplasm membrane of eubacteria is mainly

A. phosphoglycerides
B. polyisoprenoid
C. phospholipoprotein
D. None of these

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Question 59

The five-kingdom system of classification was set up by

A. Louis Pasteur
B. Robert Whittaker
C. Robert Koch
D. Masaki Ogata

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Question 60

Carl Woese and his colleague are best known for establishing

A. the five kingdom system
B. the three domain system
C. the prokaryote-eukaryote system
D. the plant-animal system

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Question 61

Who was the inventor of the Petri dish?

A. R.J. Petri, an assistant of R. Koch
B. A famous French cook
C. Italian glass blower from Petri, Italy
D. None of the above

View Answer

Question 62

In the three domain system of classification, the traditional bacteria are placed in the

A. eukarya
B. archaea
C. eubacteria
D. none of these

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Question 63

Which were the investigators lived at the same time?

A. Koch and Pasteur
B. Darwin and Woese
C. Van Leeuenhoek and Ricketts
D. Berg and Hooke

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Question 64

Which of the following organelles contain DNA, divides and possesses some degree of autonomy?

A. Golgi apparatus
B. Ribosome
C. Chloroplast
D. Peroxisomes

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Question 65

Prokaryotic microorganism include

A. protozoa
B. fungi
C. bacteria
D. all of these

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Question 66

The idea of selective toxicity was first proposed by

A. Antony van Leeuwenhoek
B. Paul Ehrlich
C. Louis Pasteur
D. Alexander Fleming

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