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Minerals MCQ Questions & Answers

Minerals MCQs : This section focuses on the "Minerals". These Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) should be practiced to improve the Minerals skills required for various interviews (campus interview, walk-in interview, company interview), placement, entrance exam and other competitive examinations.




Question 1

Which of the following statement is correct?

A. Sodium and chloride are the chief extracellular ions of the body
B. Sodium and chloride are primarily involved in maintaining osmotic equilibrium and body fluid volume.
C. Chloride ion is necessary for the production of hydrochloric acid of gastric juice.
D. All of these

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Question 2

Which trace mineral is a component of the enzyme that activates vitamin A in the eye?

A. Zinc
B. Iron
C. Iodine
D. Chromium

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Question 3

Which of the following is required as a component of blood hemoglobin?

A. Iron
B. Magnesium
C. Calcium
D. Copper

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Question 4

Which of the following ion is required for the development of sound teeth with resistance to tooth decay?

A. Fluoride ion
B. Sodium ion
C. Chloride ion
D. Magnesium ion

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Question 5

Which of the following mineral is involved in protein metabolism and oxidation reactions?

A. Molybdenum
B. Manganese
C. Magnesium
D. calcium

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Question 6

An endemic disease of cardiomyopathy in children is attributed to

A. low Se in the environment
B. low intake of iron
C. high Se in the environment
D. high intake of iron

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Question 7

Which of the following is correct?

A. Cobalt is part of vitamin B12.
B. Cobalt will not replace the need for vitamin B12 in humans
C. Both (a) and (b)
D. Cobalt will replace the need for vitamin B12 in humans

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Question 8

Which of the following two beverages contribute 20 to 30 percent of our daily manganese intake?

A. Milk or tea
B. Cola or coffee
C. Tea or orange juice
D. Milk or orange juice

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Question 9

What is the main source of natural fluoride?

A. Mushrooms
B. Potatoes
C. Meat
D. Water

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Question 10

Chronic consumption of excess selenium can lead to

A. brittle hair and nails.
B. muscle weakness,
C. TPN
D. diarrhea.

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Question 11

Which of the following carbohydrate is effective in promoting the calcium absorption?

A. Lactose
B. Maltose
C. Sucrose
D. Xylose

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Question 12

Adding __________ to a breakfast of cereal will help your body absorb iron.

A. milk
B. orange juice
C. coffee
D. water

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Question 13

What transports copper from the intestinal cells to the liver?

A. Ceruloplasmin
B. Secretin
C. Acrolein
D. Albumin

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Question 14

Manganese is a key component of all of the following enzymes except

A. arginase
B. pyruvate carboxylase
C. ceruloplasmin
D. Mn-superoxide dismutase

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Question 15

Which of the following is necessary for the clotting of blood, functions of certain enzymes and control of fluids through cell membranes?

A. Calcium
B. Magnesium
C. Copper
D. Cobalt

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Question 16

Consumption of which nutrient leads to the multiplication of oral bacteria?

A. Fat
B. Carbohydrate
C. Protein
D. Fluoride

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Question 17

Which of the following mineral is involved in the enzyme -controlled energy yielding reactions of metabolism?

A. Calcium
B. Phosphorus
C. Iron
D. Copper

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Question 18

Which of the following vitamin is essential for the absorption of calcium from the intestinal tract?

A. Vitamin D
B. Vitamin E
C. Vitamin B12
D. Vitamin B6

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Question 19

Iodine is a part of thyroid hormone and is essential for the prevention of

A. goiter
B. osteoporosis
C. muscle weakness
D. diarrhea

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Question 20

Manganese is needed for

A. normal bone structure
B. reproduction and functioning of central nervous system
C. both (a) and (b)
D. muscle strengthening

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Question 21

The mineral which is considered important in maintaining electrical potential in nerves and membranes is

A. magnesium
B. manganese
C. calcium
D. iron

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Question 22

Normal glucose metabolism requires

A. chromium
B. manganese
C. magnesium
D. calcium

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Question 23

Which group is most often affected with copper deficiency?

A. Elderly woman
B. Alcoholics
C. Active toddlers with limited
D. Preterm infants food variety

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Question 24

Which of the following is not a function of iron?

A. Oxygen transport
B. Immune function
C. Brain function
D. Gene regulation

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Question 25

Selenium deficiency leads to

A. liver necrosis
B. diarrhea
C. multiple sclerosis
D. Crohn's disease

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Question 26

What condition is caused by iodine deficiency during pregnancy and is characterized by stunted growth, deafness, and mental retardation?

A. Cretinism
B. Keshan disease
C. Multiple sclerosis
D. Crohn's disease

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Question 27

The mineral which aids in the utilization of iron and in hemoglobin synthesis is

A. calcium
B. phosphorus
C. cobalt
D. copper

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Question 28

Which of the following mineral deficiency may result into impaired growth and development, skin lesions and loss of appetite?

A. Zinc
B. Cobalt
C. Iron
D. Magnesium

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Question 29

Examples of goitrogenic foods are __________ and __________ .

A. turnips and corn
B. rutabagas and okra
C. raw cabbage and turnips
D. cassava and lettuce

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